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Collection of 833 items relating to commercial vessels and maritime subjects

Date: 1869 - 1933
Medium: Silver gelatin print
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Transfer from the Australian War Memorial
Classification:Photographs
Object Name: Archive series
Object No: ANMS0047

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    Description
    These 833 items relating to commercial vessels were collected by Henry Stewart during his employment with the McIlwraith McEacharn Limited shipping company. The items span the period 1869 - 1933.
    HistoryThis collection consists of two advertising cards for the SS CITY OF DIEPPE and MV KANIMBLA; one information booklet for the ships TSS KATOOMBA and TSS KAROOLA; one pamphlet advertising the TS motorship SIBAJAK; and 688 photographs and 141 postcards of the following vessels: ADOLPHE, ALDEBARAN, ALICE, ALICE A LEIGH, ALLAN SHAW, ALLCAN, ALLERTON, ALUMBAGH, AMERICANA, AMPHIBIOUS, ANASTASIA, ARCHIBALD RUSSELL, ARETHUSA, ARMANDO DIAZ, ARROW, BAHIA CASTILLO, BARMEN, BARUNGA, BEATRICE, BEATUS, BRAMBLETYE, BRITISH ISLES, BRUCE, CARRADALE, CASINO, CAVALIERE CIAMPA, CELTIC CHIEF, CERAMIC, CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, CITY OF SYDNEY, COLONIAL EMPIRE, COLORADO, COMLIEBANK, COORINGLE, COUNTY OF LINLITHGOW, CROMDALE, CROWN OF GERMANY, DERWENT, DIOGENES, DITTON, ECLIPSE, EXCELSIOR, FAVELL, FENNIA, FORTEVIOT, GARTHFORCE, GLANUESE, GLENMARK, GUAYTECAS, GUNVOR, HAWK, HELEN, HELEN M, HERZOGEN CECILIE, HERZOGIN SOPHIE CHARLOTTE, HMAS ADELAIDE, HMAS BRISBANE, HMAS CANBERRA, HMAS KURUMBA, HMAS MELBOURNE, HMAS PLATYPUS, HMAS YARRA, HMS HOOD, HMS RENOWN, HMS REPULSE, HMS ROYALIST, HMT KATOOMBA, HMT ZEALANDIA, HOLT HILL, HOLYHEAD, INVERESK, ITATA, JAMES DOLLAR, JAMES WALLACE, JERUSALEM, KANANGRA, KAROOLA, KATHLEEN HILDA, KATOOMBA, KENSINGTON, KING CYRUS, KING DAVID, LAKE SUPERIOR, LAMMERMOOR, LEVIATHAN, LIGHTNING, LOCH CRES, LOCH KATRINE, LOCH LAMOND, LOCH MAREE, LOCH VENNACHER, LOUDON HILL, MACUMBA, MANUNDA, MARINER, MEROPE, MINNIAPOLIS, MS DANMARK, MV CULBURRA, MV KANIMBLA, MV KOOLINDA, MV MANUNDA, MV MIRRABOOKA, MV TUNGSHA, NEOTSFIELD, NEUTSFIELD, NEWFIELD, NORTH BEND, NORTHBROOK, NYORA, OCEAN TRANSPORT, OCEANA, OKLAHOMA, OLIVEBANK, OREGON MILL, PENGUIN, PRINZESS EITEL FRIEDRICH, PS OZONE, PS WEEROONA, RMS ARAWA, RMS BALLAARAT, RMS MAURETANIA, RMS MEDINA, RMS MOANA, RMS MONGOLIA, RMS OLYMPIC, RMS ORAMA, RMS ORIZABA, RMS ORONSAY, RMS ORSOVA, RMS ORVIETO, RMS QUEEN MARY, ROOGAUAH, SALAMIS I, SAMARITAN, SCHLSCHIFF DEUSCHLAND, SCOTTISH ADMIRAL, SCOTTISH LASSIE, SCOTTISH PRINCE, SCOTTISH WIZARD, SENORITA, SKANDON, SKANSEN I, SMMJ, SOPHIE, SOPHOCLES, SOUTHERN CROSS, SPRINGBANK, SS ADELAIDE, SS AENEAS, SS AENEAS I, SS ALABAMA, SS ALBANY, SS ALBION, SS ALLARA, SS ALLINGA, SS ALMKERK, SS AOTEA, SS AQUITANIA, SS ARAWATTA, SS ARENDSKERK, SS ARRINO, SS ASAMA MARU, SS ASHRIDGE, SS ATHOL, SS ATUA, SS AUSTRALIA, SS AUSTRALIAN, SS AUSTRALIND, SS AUSTRALPORT, SS AUSTRALRANGE, SS BALDINA, SS BALLARAT, SS BANCOORA, SS BARRABOOL, SS BARRIER, SS BARWON, SS BELAMBI, SS BELLAMBI, SS BEN, SS BERRIMA, SS BESSA, SS BILOELA, SS BOMBALA, SS BRITISH MARINER, SS BULLARRA, SS BURRUMBEET, SS BURWAH, SS CAMBRIAN CHIEFTAIN, SS CAMIRA, SS CANBERRA, SS CARINA, SS CARPENTARIA, SS CHANGTE, SS CITTA DI GENOVA, SS CITY OF ADELAIDE, SS CITY OF CANBERRA, SS CITY OF DIEPPE, SS CITY OF DUNKIRK, SS CITY OF EXETER, SS CITY OF PRETORIA, SS CITY OF SHANGHAI II, SS CLAN ALPINE, SS CLAN MACTAGGART, SS CLAN MACTAGGERT, SS CLONCURRY, SS COOEYANNA, SS COOGEE, SS COOLGARDIE, SS CORFU, SS CUFIC [II], SS CUMBERLAND, SS CUMBERLAND I, SS CUZCO, SS DESPATCH, SS DIMBOOLA, SS DINOGA, SS DOM PEDRO I, SS DONGARRA, SS DOOMBA, SS DORIC STAR, SS DORSET, SS EASTERN, SS EASTERN SEA, SS EASTERNER, SS EDDYSTONE, SS EGREMONTCASTLE, SS EMPRESS OF IRELAND, SS EOSLY, SS ERA, SS ESSEX, SS EUMERALLA, SS EURALIA, SS EVANGER, SS FEDERAL, SS FERRET, SS FIVE ISLANDS, SS FLINDERS, SS FRIEBURG, SS GEELONG, SS GEORGE WASHINGTON, SS GLENELG, SS GLENREAGH, SS GOLDEN, SS GOULBURN, SS GOVERNOR BLACKALL, SS GRACCHUS, SS GRANTALA, SS HAYO MARU, SS HIMALAYA MARU, SS HOKKAI MARU, SS HORDA, SS HUON, SS HURUNUI, SS HURUNUI III, SS HYMETTUS, SS ICEBERG, SS INDARRA, SS INDIANIC, SS ITONUS, SS JOAN CRAIG, SS KADINA, SS KALGOORLIE, SS KANDAHAR, SS KANIMBLA, SS KARITANE, SS KARONGA, SS KAROOLA, SS KAROOMBA, SS KAZEMBE, SS KEERA, SS KENTUCKY, SS KEPWICKHALL, SS KHYBER, SS KING ALFRED, SS KNIGHT COMPANION, SS KOLYA, SS KOMURA, SS KOOLIGA, SS KOOLINDA, SS KOOLONGA [I], SS KOOLONGA [II], SS KOOMILYA, SS KOONDA, SS KOOPA, SS KOORINGA, SS KOOYONG, SS KURNALPI, SS KYARRA, SS LADY, SS LAGUNA, SS LEURA, SS LEVUKA, SS LORENZO, SS LUCERIC II, SS MADRAS MARU, SS MAHENO, SS MAHINAPUA, SS MAKAMBO, SS MALABAR, SS MALATIAN, SS MALLINA, SS MALOJA, SS MALOLO, SS MANAPOURI, SS MANAWATU, SS MANGANA, SS MANTUA, SS MARANOA, SS MARAROA, SS MARATHON, SS MARELLA, SS MARERE, SS MARIPOSA, SS MAUNGANUI, SS MAWATTA, SS MINDEROO, SS MINILYA, SS MINMI, SS MINNIPA, SS MINTARO, SS MOIRA, SS MONARO, SS MONGOLIA, SS MONOWAI, SS MONTORO, SS MOOLTAN, SS MORIALTA, SS MORRISTOWN, SS NAMOI, SS NELSON, SS NESTOR, SS NEW GUINEA, SS NEWCASTLE, SS NIRVANA, SS NORDVARD, SS NORFOLK, SS NORKOOWA, SS NORTHUMBERLAND, SS OCEANIC, SS OLDHAM, SS OMRAH, SS OPAWA, SS OPHIR, SS ORMONDE, SS ORMUZ,
    SS ORONSAY, SS ORONTES, SS ORONTES I, SS ORSOVA, SS ORVIETO, SS OSIRIS, SS OSTERLEY, SS OTRANTO, SS OTTER, SS OTWAY, SS PARAROA, SS PARINGA, SS PATEENA, SS PENNINGTON COURT, SS PERIOD, SS PERTH, SS POLLENZO, SS PORT BRISBANE, SS PORT BRISBANE I, SS PORT CAROLINE, SS PORT PIRIE II, SS PRINZ WALDEMAR, SS PUKAKI, SS QUEEN MARY, SS QUIRAING, SS RAKAIA, SS RARANGA, SS REMUERA, SS RIVERINA, SS RODONDO, SS ROGGEVEEN, SS ROMOLO, SS RONA, SS ROTORUA, SS RUAPEHU, SS RUNIC, SS RUNIC [II], SS RUPARA, SS RYUI MARU, SS SAINT ALBANS, SS SALDANHA, SS SAROS, SS SCOTTISH HERO, SS SEIKAI, SS SHEAF HOLME, SS SIERRA NEVADA, SS SINGAPORE MARU, SS SIRSA, SS SOMERSET, SS SOMERSET [II], SS STAR, SS SUEVIC, SS SURREY II, SS SUSSEX II, SS SUVA, SS SYDNEY, SS TAGLIAFERRE, SS TAIWAN, SS TAKAPUNA, SS TARONGA, SS TASMANIA, SS TEANAU, SS TENERIFFA, SS THEMISTOCLES, SS TIRSO, SS TONGARIRO, SS TREGENNA, SS TREKIEVE, SS TREWINNARD, SS TRUMF, SS UCO, SS VICEROY OF INDIA, SS VICTORIA, SS VICTORIAN, SS WAIOTAPU, SS WAIWERA, SS WAKATIPU, SS WANAKA, SS WANDILLA, SS WAREATEA, SS WARILDA, SS WAROOKA, SS WERFA, SS WERRIBEE, SS WESTRALIA, SS WESTRALIA [I], SS WILLOCHRA, SS WILLYAMA, SS WIMMERA, SS WINFIELD, SS WOLLONGBAR, SS WOLLOWRA, SS WOODARRA, SS WOOLGAR, SS WYANDRA, SS WYREEMA, SS YARRA, SS ZEALANDIA, SS ZEPHYR, STAR OF GREECE, STAR OF PERSIA, STOCKRINGTON, STRATHNAVER, SY FRANKLIN, TACORA, TALUS, TARAMMY, THERMOPYLAE, THIRLEMERE, THISTLEBANK, TINGIRA, TITANIA, TOORONGA, TS SIBAJAK, TS WESTRALIAN, TSMV DUNTOON, TSS AJANA, TSS ATUA, TSS HUNTER, TSS KAROOLA, TSS KATOOMBA, TSS KOOPA, TSS MAORI, TSS MARELLA, TSS NELLORE, TSS OP TEN NOORT, TSS SUFFOLK, TSS TAIWAN, TSS TANDA, TSS WANDILLA, TSS ZEPHYR, USS ARIZONA, USS AUGUSTA, USS NEVADA, USS NEW MEXICO, USS OKLAHOMA, USS OMAHA, USS PENNSYLVANIA, USS SEATTLE, VICTORY, VOLGA, W R CHAMBERLIN JR, W. McHOTHAM, WAH FUNG, WAIMANA, WAREATA, WARREGO, WILLIAM P FRYE, WOOLAMAI, WYREEMA, YATALA and ZEPHYR and images of the following maritime subjects a tugboat, United States destroyers, United States Fleet underway at San Francisco, a model of a passenger ship, a row of camels, steamships, a view of Port Pirie, Aberdeen & Commonwealth Line passenger vessel, warship, western wharf, Lakes entrance, wharf scene, view of a jetty, view of main deck of towing vessel, three auxiliary steamships, various barques, a number of group photographs, Sydney Harbour, ship wreck, a schooner, Royal Australian Navy J Class submarines, railway yards at Port Pirie, repairs on a ship, Barwon Heads, a Blue Funnel Line passenger steamer, a British Cruiser and destroyer, Bunbury jetty, cargo ships, coastal scene, floating crane, Fremantle Harbour, harbour beach, harbour scene, main street of Port Pirie, mast and superstructure of a Naval ship, a memorial column, Ocean Grove, Victoria, Oceanic SS Co Liner and passenger ships.

    In the nineteenth century, shipping provided the infrastructure for the European settlement and development of Australia. It was essential to commerce that ships reached people's lives in a way which was personal and immediate; delivering groceries to small towns, carrying passengers between ports and bringing immigrants to Australia.

    The shipping firm of McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co was founded in London in February 1875 by Andrew McIlwraith and Malcolm Donald McEacharn. McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co entered the Australian trade in 1887 bringing cargo and immigrants from Britain to Queensland. They also entered the coal trade. They entered into the fierce competition for passenger trade in the first decades of the twentieth century when competition for passengers required companies to provide more than converted cargo vessels. In 1909 their ship KAROOLA won a reputation for its salubrious accommodation and its size, and was the first Australian ship to exceed 7,000 tons. The company maintained the advantage in 1912 by commissioning KATOOMBA, which was larger and more luxurious than all its generation of passenger ships.

    With the growth of rail and road transport, Australian shipping declined during the twentieth century. McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co was a survivor and bought the fleets of James Paterson and Huddard Parker in 1961. In 1957 McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co together with Adelaide Steamship Company and Melbourne Steamship Company, set up Bulkships Pty Ltd to work the heavy ore trade and bought four ships. In 1964 it merged shipping interests with those of the Adelaide Steamship Company to form Associated Steamships. They had a combined fleet of 12 conventional cargo vessels, which they replaced with three container ships.

    McIlwraith McEacharn continued in the shipping trade until the 1990s when their ships were sold to a US company.
    Additional Titles

    Assigned title: Photographs and postcards collected by Henry Stewart of sailing vessels and steamships

    Web title: Collection of 833 items relating to commercial vessels and maritime subjects

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