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Scrapbook brought by Robert on his journey to Australia

Date: 1953-1954
Overall: 250 × 315 mm, 286 g
Medium: Ink on paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Gift from Robert Stephens
Classification:Books and journals
Object Name: Sketchbook
Object No: 00054493

User Terms

    This scrapbook contains newspaper clippings that British child migrant Robert Stephens carried to Australia when he migrated with the Fairbridge child migrant scheme on OTRANTO in 1952.
    SignificanceThis scrapbook reflects Robert Stephens' enduring attachment to his family and his homeland, and the difficulties he faced in travelling to Australia as an unaccompanied child migrant after World War II.
    HistoryBetween 1913 and 1967, more than 7,000 British children were sent to Australia by charities such as Fairbridge, Barnardo's, and the Salvation Army. The Fairbridge Farm School in Molong NSW (opened 1937) was one of three farm training schools established under Fairbridge principles in Australia. South African philanthropist Kingsley Fairbridge aimed to alleviate the plight of British slum children by sending them to farm schools in the colonies. The idea was to remove children from impoverishment, while simultaneously developing remote rural areas of the British empire with young white labour.

    Supported by the Western Australian government, Kingsley and his wife Ruby established the first Fairbridge Farm School at Pinjarra, south east of Perth in 1913. Fairbridge died in 1924, but the scheme continued. Children lived in cottages under a cottage mother, attended local state schools until they were 14, and then spent 12-18 months training in farm work on the property.

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