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Four-masted steel barque JOHN ENA at sea

Date: 1916-1919
Medium: Emulsion on glass
Credit Line: ANMM Collection
Object Name: Glass plate negative
Object No: 00035225
Place Manufactured:Sydney

User Terms

    This photograph depicts the four-masted steel barque JOHN ENA at sea, possibly near Sydney during its May 1916 visit.
    SignificanceThe Samuel J Hood photographic collection records an extensive range of maritime activity on Sydney Harbour, including sail and steam ships, crew portraits, crews at work, ship interiors, stevedores loading and unloading cargo, port scenes, pleasure boats and harbourside social activities from the 1890s through to the 1950s. They are also highly competent artistic studies and views - Hood was regarded as an important figure in early Australian photojournalism. Hood’s maritime photographs are one of the most significant collections of such work in Australia.
    HistoryThe four-masted steel barque JOHN ENA was built in 1892 by R Duncan and Company in Port Glasgow, Scotland. It was launched in July of the same year for San Francisco Shipping Company, Honolulu. It changed ownership several times over the years: in 1907 sold to A O Lorentzen of San Francisco, in 1915 sold to Rolph Navigation and Coal Company of San Francisco, in 1916 sold to Standard Oil Company of San Francisco for £75,000, in 1919 sold to Robert Dollar Company of San Francisco, in 1921 sold to J Boots of San Francisco and in 1925 sold to A F Mahony of San Francisco.

    The vessel visited Australia numerous times throughout its career. In June 1895 it visited Port Germein in South Australia and visited the state again in December 1898 and June 1903. During its September 1895 visit to Newcastle, New South Wales, 12 seamen from the barque were charged with 'combining to disobey lawful commands'. They were sentenced to seven days' imprisonment with hard labour in Maitland Gaol. During its second visit to Newcastle in June 1901, one of the crew, Charlie Solinas committed suicide. At 11:23am on 16 May 1916, JOHN ENA arrived in Sydney from Melbourne with a load of oil from San Francisco. Another visit to Australia was made in 1919.

    In 1926, the vessel was dismasted and in 1937 it was broken up at San Pedro in California.
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