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Collection of 349 photographs and negatives relating to McIlwraith McEacharn Limited

Date: 23-Mar-1990
Medium: Papers
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Gift from McIlwraith McEacharn Limited
Classification:Photographs
Object Name: Archive series
Object No: ANMS0857

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    Description
    This collection of 349 photographs and negatives document a visit by two representatives from McIlwraith McEacharn Limited to Ocean Steel Ltd ship breaking yard at Thap Sake, Thailand in 1990. The series consists of one post it note; one photograph album cover; one with compliments slip; 69 negative strips and 277 photographs depicting images of areas of the ship scrapping facilities, several pieces of scrapped ships, tugboats, views of an Australian suburban home and garden, mobile and floating cranes, scrapping of TEXACO MINNESOTA, scrapyard operations, views of a Thai city and a tour of the scrapyard.
    SignificanceThis collection is significant in recording a comprehensive history of an Australian shipping company from the 1870s to the 1990s.
    HistoryThe shipping firm of McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co was founded in London in February 1875 by Andrew McIlwraith and Malcolm Donald McEacharn. McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co entered the Australian trade in 1887 bringing cargo and immigrants from Britain to Queensland. They also entered the coal trade. They entered into the fierce competition for passenger trade in the first decades of the twentieth century when competition for passengers required companies to provide more than converted cargo vessels. In 1909 their ship KAROOLA won a reputation for its salubrious accommodation and its size, and was the first Australian ship to exceed 7,000 tons. The company maintained the advantage in 1912 by commissioning KATOOMBA, which was larger and more luxurious than all its generation of passenger ships.

    With the growth of rail and road transport, Australian shipping declined during the twentieth century. McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co was a survivor and bought the fleets of James Paterson and Huddard Parker in 1961. In 1957 McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co together with Adelaide Steamship Company and Melbourne Steamship Company, set up Bulkships Pty Ltd to work the heavy ore trade and bought four ships. In 1964 it merged shipping interests with those of the Adelaide Steamship Company to form Associated Steamships. They had a combined fleet of 12 conventional cargo vessels, which they replaced with three container ships.

    McIlwraith McEacharn continued in the shipping trade until the 1990s when their ships were sold to a US company.
    Additional Titles

    Web title: Collection of 349 photographs and negatives relating to McIlwraith McEacharn Limited

    (not entered): Photographs during visit by two representatives from McIlwraith McEacharn to Ocean Steel Ltd. Ship breaking yard at Thap Sake, Thailand.

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