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Collection of 92 items relating to the Cook Colliery, Queensland

Credit Line: ANMM Collection Gift from McIlwraith McEacharn Limited
Object Name: Archive series
Object No: ANMS0859

User Terms

    This collection of 92 items documents the McIlwraith McEacharn Limited owned Cook Colliery in Queensland. The series consists of one brief history of Cook Colliery; one set of newspaper articles detailing BHP's sale of Cook Colliery to McIlwraith McEacharn; 23 negatives, three photographs and 64 transparencies depicting images of centrifugal water pumps, coal conveyer systems, coal cutting machinery, a coal processing plant, coal stockpiles, Dresser dump trucks, elevated view of a mining town, hydraulic digging, images of coal miners, open cast mining operations and railway coal trucks undertaking coal mining at Cook Colliery.

    SignificanceThis collection is significant in recording a comprehensive history of an Australian shipping company from the 1870s to the 1990s.
    HistoryThe shipping firm of McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co was founded in London in February 1875 by Andrew McIlwraith and Malcolm Donald McEacharn. McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co entered the Australian trade in 1887 bringing cargo and immigrants from Britain to Queensland. They also entered the coal trade. They entered into the fierce competition for passenger trade in the first decades of the twentieth century when competition for passengers required companies to provide more than converted cargo vessels. In 1909 their ship KAROOLA won a reputation for its salubrious accommodation and its size, and was the first Australian ship to exceed 7,000 tons. The company maintained the advantage in 1912 by commissioning KATOOMBA, which was larger and more luxurious than all its generation of passenger ships.

    With the growth of rail and road transport, Australian shipping declined during the twentieth century. McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co was a survivor and bought the fleets of James Paterson and Huddard Parker in 1961. In 1957 McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co together with Adelaide Steamship Company and Melbourne Steamship Company, set up Bulkships Pty Ltd to work the heavy ore trade and bought four ships. In 1964 it merged shipping interests with those of the Adelaide Steamship Company to form Associated Steamships. They had a combined fleet of 12 conventional cargo vessels, which they replaced with three container ships.

    McIlwraith McEacharn continued in the shipping trade until the 1990s when their ships were sold to a US company.
    Additional Titles

    (not entered): McIlwraith McEacharn related documents including media, transparencies and proof images.

    Web title: Collection of 92 items relating to the Cook Colliery, Queensland

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