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Commemorative medallion of American Fleet visit 1908

Date: 1908
Dimensions:
1 x 31 mm (1.22 in)
Medium: Metal
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Purchased with USA Bicentennial Gift funds
Classification:Coins and medals
Object Name: Medallion
Object No: 00040471

User Terms

    Description
    This medallion commemorates the 1908 visit to Australia of the American Great White Fleet. Many medals, medallions and pins were made as souvenirs of the peace time world tour. On the front of this medallion are two profile portraits and the reverse depicts an American battleship. A hole has been drilled into the top to allow it to be worn as a pendant.
    SignificanceThis medallion is representative of the American Great White Fleet visit to Australia in 1908 and the production of souvenir items as keepsakes.
    HistoryIn December 1907 United States President Theodore Roosevelt sent a US Atlantic Battle Fleet of 16 battleships on a 14 month goodwill cruise around the world. The fleet was a chance for the Navy to practice seamanship and express America's world power. Roosevelt was also concerned about rising Japanese aggression and their expansionist foreign policy. The cruise would be a political and public relations exercise to build domestic support for more naval construction.

    Led by the flagship, USS CONNECTICUT, the Great White Fleet as it became known, consisted of 16 battleships painted white, as was the practice of all US Navy ships in times of peace. The ships sailed in four divisions of four ships each. Early in the voyage the order of the ships was altered to allow the best-looking vessels to be at the front of the fleet. The cruise incorporated six continents, 26 countries and 32 ports with 614 officers and 13,504 crew. It consumed 435,000 tons of coal, more than any other naval expedition and was the largest fleet to ever accomplish a circumnavigation of the globe.

    Australia was not originally on the itinerary route of the Great White Fleet, who only decided to visit after receiving a direct invitation from the Prime Minister Alfred Deakin. One quarter of the Australian population, over one million people, saw the Great White Fleet during its three-week visit to Sydney, Melbourne and Albany. Public holidays were declared and enthusiastic crowds flocked to see the ships and parades. Vast arrays of souvenirs were produced for a population caught up in the euphoria.

    Additional Titles

    Assigned title: Commemorative medallion of American Fleet visit 1908

    Web title: Commemorative medallion of American Fleet visit 1908

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