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Carte de L'Oceanie : Division de l'Oceanie par peuples d'apres le Capitaine d'Urville

Date: 1850
522 x 660 mm
Medium: Ink on paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection
Classification:Maps, charts and plans
Object Name: Map
Object No: 00040483

User Terms

    A map from the 'Atlas Universal of the Pacific Ocean With a Division of Oceania by Peoples after Captain Dumont d'Urville'.
    It is titled 'Division de l'Oceanie par peuples d'apres Mr. le d'Urville' [Division of Oceania by peoples after Captain d'Urville]: Orange Malaisie [Malays] ; Pink Melanesie [Melanesians]; Yellow Polynesie [Polynesians]; Blue Micronesie [Micronesians]. At lower right corner is an inset map of the British settlements in New South Wales titled 'Details des establissements Anglais dans Nouvelle Galles Meridonale' (' Details of English Establishments in New South Wales Meridonale') showing Sydney and environs. Australia is marked 'Australie ou Nouvelle Hollande' and features Terre Baudin in South Australia and Terre Grant in Victoria.
    SignificanceThe depiction of racial boundaries represents a direct link in the European interpretation of race and ethnicity - first begun with the word lists collected by naturalists aboard the ships of Byron, Wallis, Cook and Bougainville and relates to the portraits of indiginous people drawn during these and later voyages.
    HistoryThe map by Andriveau Goujon (J.) shows Australia and surounding islands with divisions representing the different races of the region. These boundaries are based on the ethnographic system divised by Dumont d'Urville as a result of his 1826-1829 expedition in the ASTROLABE, and the 1837-1840 expedition of the ASTROLABE and ZELEE. An account of the second voyage was published in Paris in 1841 - 'Voyage au Pole Sud at dans l'Oceanie' together with Atlas Pittoresque containing illustrations of the places and people met during the voyage. The ANMM collection contains several engravings from this work depicting the costumes of islanders - see for example 00031485, 00031492, 00031483 and 00003619.

    Jules-Sebastien-Cesar Dumont d'Urville was born in Normandy in 1790 and joined the navy in 1807. In 1825 he was promoted commander and given charge of the COQUILLE, renamed ASTROLABE for a voyage to the Pacific. The 'ASTROLABE left France in April 1826 and sailed for the Pacific by way of the Cape of Good Hope, stopping at King George Sound and Sydney (7 October 1825), New Zealand, Tonga, Fiji, New Guinea, Hobart and finally Vanikoro where shipwreck remains of the la Perouse expedition had been discovered in 1824. D'Urville erected a monument to La Perouse at Vanikoro before starting the return journey to France. He arrived in Marseilles in February 1829.

    In 1837 D'Urville was given command of a second expedition, this time to the Antarctic using the ASTROLABE and the ZELEE. The expedition sailed south in the Atlantic to touch the Antarctic peninsula which D'Urville named Louis Philippe Land after the French King, before continuing on to Chile. They continued through the Pacific before again exploring the Antarctic mainland during the summer of 1839. The expedition returned to France in November 1840.
    Additional Titles

    Assigned title: Map of Oceania : Division of Oceania by peoples after Captain d'Urville

    Assigned title: Carte de L'Oceanie : Division de l'Oceanie par peuples d'apres le Capitaine d'Urville

    Exhibition object title: Dividing the Pacific

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