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Souvenir of the Visit of the American Fleet to Australia & New Zealand

Date: 1908
Dimensions:
185 x 250 x 3 mm
Medium: Ink on paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Purchased with USA Bicentennial Gift funds
Classification:Ephemera
Object Name: Booklet
Object No: 00042662

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    Description
    This booklet titled 'Souvenir of the Visit of the American Fleet to Australia & New Zealand 1908' was produced to commerate the visit of the United States Great White Fleet visit in 1908. This 32 page booklet contains an outline of the visit, US Naval history, Fleet information and a programme of events for melbourne.
    SignificanceAustralia welcomed the American Great White Fleet tour in 1908 through the production of souvenir items such as this booklet, highlighting the excitement the visit generated within the Australian public.
    HistoryIn December 1907 United States President Theodore Roosevelt sent a US Atlantic Battle Fleet of 16 battleships on a 14 month goodwill cruise around the world. The fleet was a chance for the Navy to practice seamanship and express America's world power. Roosevelt was also concerned about rising Japanese aggression and their expansionist foreign policy. The cruise would be a political and public relations exercise to build domestic support for more naval construction.

    Led by the flagship, USS CONNECTICUT, the Great White Fleet as it became known, consisted of 16 battleships painted white, as was the practice of all US Navy ships in times of peace. The ships sailed in four divisions of four ships each. Early in the voyage the order of the ships was altered to allow the best-looking vessels to be at the front of the fleet. The cruise incorporated six continents, 26 countries and 32 ports with 614 officers and 13,504 crew. It consumed 435,000 tons of coal, more than any other naval expedition and was the largest fleet to ever accomplish a circumnavigation of the globe.

    Australia was not originally on the itinerary route of the Great White Fleet, who only decided to visit after receiving a direct invitation from the Prime Minister Alfred Deakin. One quarter of the Australian population, over one million people, saw the Great White Fleet during its three-week visit to Sydney, Melbourne and Albany. Public holidays were declared and enthusiastic crowds flocked to see the ships and parades. Vast arrays of souvenirs were produced for a population caught up in the euphoria.
    Additional Titles

    Primary title: Souvenir of the Visit of the American Fleet to Australia & New Zealand 1908

    Web title: Souvenir of the Visit of the American Fleet to Australia & New Zealand

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