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Admiral Sir Harry Rawson, Miss Rawson, Secretary and Aide-de-Camp, Sydney, Australia

Date: 1908
Dimensions:
Overall: 88 x 175 mm
Medium: Photographic print on paper, mounted on card.
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Purchased with USA Bicentennial Gift funds
Classification:Ephemera
Object Name: Stereoscope card
Object No: 00046748
Related Place:New South Wales,

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    Description
    This stereoscope card depicts the Governor of New South Wales Admiral Sir Harry Rawson seated beside his daughter Alice Rawson, his Aide-de-camp Leslie Orme Wilson and his Secretary stand behind them. As Governor he would formally greet the Officers of the American Great White Fleet on their visit 1908 on behalf of King Edward VII. Stereoscope cards were a popular memento of the Great White Fleet visit. They were produced in sets with images of the ships, parades and decorations and allowed the viewer to see a photograph as a three-dimensional image.
    SignificanceAustralia welcomed the United State’s Great White Fleet tour in 1908 through the production of souvenir items such as this stereocard, highlighting the excitement the visit generated within the Australian public. Memorabilia made to coincide with the occasion emphasised the mutual union between the countries and the good will of the Australian nation toward its American ally.
    HistoryIn December 1907 United States President Theodore Roosevelt sent a US Atlantic Battle Fleet of 16 battleships on a 14 month goodwill cruise around the world. The fleet was a chance for the Navy to practice seamanship and express America's world power. Roosevelt was also concerned about rising Japanese aggression and their expansionist foreign policy. The cruise would be a political and public relations exercise to build domestic support for more naval construction.

    Led by the flagship, USS CONNECTICUT, the Great White Fleet as it became known, consisted of 16 battleships painted white, as was the practice of all US Navy ships in times of peace. The ships sailed in four divisions of four ships each. Early in the voyage the order of the ships was altered to allow the best-looking vessels to be at the front of the fleet. The cruise incorporated six continents, 26 countries and 32 ports with 614 officers and 13,504 crew. It consumed 435,000 tons of coal, more than any other naval expedition and was the largest fleet to ever accomplish a circumnavigation of the globe.

    Australia was not originally on the itinerary route of the Great White Fleet, who only decided to visit after receiving a direct invitation from the Prime Minister Alfred Deakin. One quarter of the Australian population, over one million people, saw the Great White Fleet during its three-week visit to Sydney, Melbourne and Albany. Public holidays were declared and enthusiastic crowds flocked to see the ships and parades.
    Additional Titles

    Web title: Governor of NSW Admiral Sir Harry Rawson with his daughter, Miss Alice Rawson

    Assigned title: Admiral Sir Harry Rawson, Miss Rawson, Secretary and Aide-de-Camp, Sydney, Australia

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