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Personal papers belonging to Lieutenant Hubert Edward Carse

Date: c 1967
Medium: Paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Gift from J Millane
Classification:Ephemera
Object Name: Archive series
Object No: ANMS1381

User Terms

    Description
    This collection is comprised of personal papers and cards belonging to Lieutenant Hubert Edward Carse, who commanded M V KRAIT during the World War II covert raid, Operation Jaywick. Included are letters, notes, envelopes, cards and business cards. The personal letters are from old acquaintances, and refer to KRAIT and the Z Special Unit.
    SignificanceThis collection highlights the naval career of Lieutenant Hubert Edward Carse. Significantly, the collection features items relating to his experiences onboard the KRAIT, bringing to life the extraordinary story of Operation Jaywick.
    HistoryLieutenant Hubert Edward (Ted) Carse was born on 28 May 1901 in Rutherglen, Victoria. He enlisted with the Royal Australian Navy at just 14 years of age, became Midshipman in 1918, and was eventually discharged on 22 January 1946, after over 30 years of service.

    Notably, Lieutenant Carse was a member of Z Special Unit, a joint Allied special forces unit during World War II. Carse was the commander and navigator for M V KRAIT during Operation Jaywick, a clandestine attack by a group of six allied operatives against Japanese shipping in Singapore Harbour in 1943.

    During World War II, Australian civilian Bill Reynolds escaped the Japanese-occupied Singapore Harbour on 12 February 1942 aboard the Japanese fishing boat KOFUKU MARU and returned to Australia via India. The Australian government saw the fishing boat (renamed KRAIT) as a unique opportunity to get close to enemy lines under the guise of Japanese fishermen. The KRAIT was chosen to take Z Special Unit back to Singapore's Keppel Harbour in September 1943, in what was known as Operation Jaywick.

    Lieutenant Carse navigated the KRAIT through Indonesia past Bali, as close to Singapore Harbour as possible, then went to wait in a bay off Borneo. From there, six of the 14 crew got onto three folding canoes (folboats) which they paddled into the harbour. The men attached limpet mines to Japanese ships within the harbour, damaging some 40,000 tonnes of Japanese shipping. On the boat's return to Australia on 19 October 1943, it had travelled 6,500 km in 48 days, 33 of which were in Japanese occupied waters. The operation was deemed a success but was initially kept secret in case of similar attacks.

    Lieutenant Carse was awarded a Mention in Despatches for his contribution as navigator of the KRAIT for Operation Jaywick.

    Additional Titles

    Assigned title: Collection of personal papers and cards belonging to Lieutenant Hubert Edward Carse

    Web title: Personal papers belonging to Lieutenant Hubert Edward Carse

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