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Australian Customs officer carrying young Vietnamese girl

Date: 1977
Overall: 262 x 394 mm
Medium: Silver gelatin print
Credit Line: ANMM Collection
Object Copyright: © Michael Jensen
Object Name: Photograph
Object No: 00031940
Place Manufactured:Darwin harbour

User Terms

    Australian photographer Michael Jensen captures an Australian Customs officer carrying a young Vietnamese girl, who arrived on one of six Vietnamese refugee boats to dock in Darwin, Northern Territory on 21 November 1977.
    SignificanceThis photograph documents a key chapter in Australia's immigration history - the arrival of refugees who fled Vietnam following the fall of Saigon and embarked on perilous sea voyages as 'boat people.'
    HistoryThe Vietnam War ended on 30 April 1975 with the fall of Saigon to Communist forces and the reunification of North and South Vietnam. In the late 1970s thousands of Vietnamese fled the new Communist regime, escaping the country in small boats to places such as the USA, Canada and Australia.

    The first Vietnamese 'boat people' arrived in Darwin in 1976. By the end of 1979, 2,011 people had undertaken the perilous sea voyage from Vietnam to Australia. Many more died trying.

    The first wave of boat people arrived at a time of dramatic social upheaval in Australia, with spirited debate about our involvement in the Vietnam War, the new concept of multiculturalism, the breaking of many of Australia's traditional ties to Britain and the forging of new links with Asia. Despite some opposition from the wider community, the relaxation of immigration restrictions meant that most were allowed to stay.

    Store owner Tan Thanh Lu had fought with the South Vietnamese during the war and believed his family faced a bleak future under the new Communist regime. In 1975, he pooled resources with several friends from the island of Phu Quoc and built a boat - TU DO [Freedom]. To divert suspicion TU DO was constructed as a dragnet fishing boat typical of the region and plied its trade in the island's waters.

    TU DO outpaced pirates in the Gulf of Thailand and docked in Mersing, Malaysia where eight exhausted passengers disembarked. Tan had relatives in the United States, but after a month of unsuccessful approaches to US immigration, Tan opted to shift course to Australia. TU DO restocked with supplies in Jakarta and rescued another Vietnamese vessel near Flores. On 21 November 1977, TU DO finally made landfall in Darwin. Tan and his crew had navigated more than 6,000 kilometres using a map torn from the lid of a school desk and a simple compass.

    From Darwin, the Lu's were transferred to Wacol Migrant Hostel in Brisbane. They were granted asylum after six months.
    Additional Titles


    Collection title: Michael Jensen Tu Do photographs

    Web title: Australian Customs officer carrying young Vietnamese girl

    Related People
    Photographer: Michael Jensen

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