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Reproduced courtesy of ANMM

Tuyet Lu in Labrador, Queensland

Date: 21 February 2010
Medium: tiff file
Credit Line: ANMM Collection
Object Copyright: © Australian National Maritime Museum
Classification:Photographs
Object Name: Digital image
Object No: 00048292

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    Description
    This photograph is part of a collection documenting five members of the Lu family - mother Tuyet, daughters Dzung and Dao, and sons Mo and Quoc - at home and at work in 2010. The Lu family arrived in Australia in 1977 on the Vietnamese refugee boat TU DO, built and sailed by family patriarch Tan Thanh Lu, and acquired by the Australian National Maritime Museum in 1990. Their arrival in Darwin was captured by Australian government photographer Michael Jensen, whose black and white photographs form part of the National Maritime Collection.
    SignificanceThirty years on, Andrew Frolows' photographs document five settled individuals who have established families, businesses and careers in Australia. Frolows' 2010 portraits provide a stark contrast to the struggling 'boat people' in Michael Jensen's 1977 photographs, and remind us that the refugee journey does not end with arrival in a new land.
    HistoryThe Vietnam War ended on 30 April 1975 with the fall of Saigon to Communist forces and the reunification of North and South Vietnam. In the late 1970s thousands of Vietnamese fled the new Communist regime, escaping the country in small boats to places such as the USA, Canada and Australia.

    The first Vietnamese 'boat people' arrived in Darwin in 1976. By the end of 1979, 2,011 people had undertaken the perilous sea voyage from Vietnam to Australia. Many more died trying.

    The first wave of boat people arrived at a time of dramatic social upheaval in Australia, with spirited debate about our involvement in the Vietnam War, the new concept of multiculturalism, the breaking of many of Australia's traditional ties to Britain and the forging of new links with Asia. Despite some opposition from the wider community, the relaxation of immigration restrictions meant that most were allowed to stay.

    Store owner Tan Thanh Lu had fought with the South Vietnamese during the war and believed his family faced a bleak future under the new Communist regime. In 1975, he pooled resources with several friends from the island of Phu Quoc and built a boat - TU DO [Freedom]. To divert suspicion TU DO was constructed as a dragnet fishing boat typical of the region and plied its trade in the island's waters.

    Prior to departure in September 1977, Tan staged an engine breakdown to relax surveillance on the vessel. A powerful replacement engine was installed and the group of 39 passengers, including Tan's pregnant wife Tuyet and three children Dzung (6), Dao (4) and Mo (2) struggled across the tidal mud flats to the waiting boat. Tuyet had crushed sleeping pills into her children's food to quieten them and disaster almost struck when several hours out to sea, they realised Dzung had been left behind. Despite quarrels with his panicked passengers, Tan returned to find her, crying and mosquito bitten in the mangroves.

    TU DO outpaced pirates in the Gulf of Thailand and docked in Mersing, Malaysia where eight exhausted passengers disembarked. Tan had relatives in the United States, but after a month of unsuccessful approaches to US immigration, Tan opted to shift course to Australia. TU DO restocked with supplies in Jakarta and rescued another Vietnamese vessel near Flores. On 21 November 1977, TU DO finally made landfall in Darwin. Tan and his crew had navigated more than 6,000 kilometres using a map torn from the lid of a school desk and a simple compass.

    From Darwin, the Lus were transferred to Wacol Migrant Hostel in Brisbane. They were granted asylum after six months.
    Additional Titles

    Primary title: Tuyet Lu in Labrador, Queensland

    Web title: Tuyet Lu

    Related People
    Photographer: Andrew Frolows

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