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Reproduced courtesy of CSR Limited

Models of the ship MV GOLIATH

Date: c 1977
Overall (display case): 557 x 1610 x 390 mm
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Gift from CSR Pty Ltd
Object Copyright: © CSR Limited
Object Name: Ship model
Object No: 00047865

User Terms

    Model of the ship MV GOLIATH.
    SignificanceCSR is a significant and well known Australian company with historical links to the Pacific as well.

    The expansion of and diversification in shipping by CSR reflects the history of how industries developed in and around Sydney Habour, how the habour was used for water transport, and the history of Australian coastal shipping.

    The decline of the shipping arm of CSR is an important example of the final phases of Sydney Harbour as a working harbour and the decline of Australian registered and crewed coastal shipping. CSR shut down its shipping arm in 2007 after more than 130 years operations.

    HistoryThe Colonial Sugar Refining Company (CSR) was established in 1855 for the commercial production of sugar from the cane fields in New South Wales and Queensland. Sugar mills were built all along the north-eastern coast of Australia. Many mills were on rivers where the raw materials from the cane fields were conveyed on barges towed by small paddle tugs, to be crushed before final shipment to the refineries.

    The erection of mills, installation of machinery and management of the operations required staff and materials that were in most cases transported by ship. Shipping coal in particular was vital to the operation of the sugar mills.

    Vessels for this purpose were not readily available in Australia in the late 19th century and CSR decided to have a ship purpose-built in the UK to suit their specific requirements. Thus in 1873 CSR began managing its own shipping to transport materials and products to and from its sugar mills.

    FIONA, a twin screw steamship named after Managing Director Edward Knox's daughter, was built in 1874. With the increase in cane production in Queensland and Fiji in 1892 this course of action was amply justified and other vessels followed. Refineries were built in Melbourne (Yarraville 1874), Sydney (Pyrmont 1878), Auckland (Chelsea 1884), Port Adelaide (Glanville 1891), Brisbane (New Farm 1893) and Perth (Cottesloe 1930). CSR vessels, ranging in size up to 6000 tons were employed carrying sugar and sugar products, including molasses in tanks, between the various mills and refineries. Good accommodation was also provided on all the CSR ocean-going ships for a limited number of passengers, mainly staff on transfer from one mill to another.

    The company managed everything from cane punts, sugar lighters, tug boats and ocean-going ships, however it did not create a separate shipping department until 1945. This was done to more effectively build and manage its own ships and profit from collaborating with other Australian companies wanting cargo space en route. In 2008, after several years of spiraling costs and declining productivity, CSR ceased operating as a shipping manager.

    In Sydney, the Colonial Sugar Refinery (CSR) refined and manufactured sugar and sugar by-products on the Pyrmont peninsula. The sweet smell of molasses and sugar is burnt into the memories of everyone who lived in the area. From 1875 CSR dominated the northern tip of the suburb. Horse and drays, ships and trains transported CSR goods in and out of the peninsula. The company created work, controlled housing and like most harbour industries in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, regularly polluted the air and water.

    CSR first acquired land at Pyrmont in 1878, and eventually owned 31 acres (77 hectares). Houses and streets - such as Jones Street between Bowman Street and the Harbour - disappeared as the company expanded. CSR provided thousands of jobs, some of them unpleasant, dangerous and unhealthy. Products included sugar, golden syrup and molasses from the refinery, industrial alcohol and rum from the distillery, and particle board from the caneite factory.

    Operations in Pyrmont were eventually wound down by the early 1990s, and much of the former CSR site is now occupied by the Jacksons Landing residential development.

    CSR ships, built and managed by the company since 1874, were a common sight at the Pyrmont docks until the area was redeveloped.

    CSR sugar production continues to make up around 60% of the sugar on the Australian domestic market.

    Built in Newcastle in 1977 and named after one of Australia's earliest cement making companies, the 4000 tonne bulk carrier M.V. GOLIATH was the first Australian-built cement tanker. The ship carried cement and molasses around the Australian coast for Cement Australia/CSR until 1993 when it was renamed M.V. GOLIATH II and sold overseas.

    Cement Australia then built and launched another dry bulk carrier called M.V. GOLIATH that same year. In 1998, the ship famously struck an ocean sunfish off Jervis Bay, New South Wales. The huge fish, which was stuck to the bow, weighed approximately 1400 kg and caused the speed of the ship to slow from 14 to 11 knots. The skin of the sunfish was so rough it wore the ship's paint work back to the bare metal.

    The ship was sold to CSL Australia and underwent a major refit in 2008 and in 2010 continues to ship gypsum from South Australia to ports around Australia.

    Additional Titles

    Assigned title: Ship model of the MV GOLIATH

    Web title: Models of the ship MV GOLIATH

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