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Mess plate from HMS GALATEA

Date: c 1860
Dimensions:
Overall: 238 mm, 0.5 kg
Medium: China
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Gift from Antique ACT
Object Name: Plate
Object No: 00030501

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    Description
    This blue and white transfer printed dinner plate is from the Royal Navy ship HMS GALATEA. The border decoration comprises of a continuous design based on the entwined floral insignia of England (rose), Ireland (shamrock) and Scotland (thistle). The interior of the plate bears a Victorian crown flanked by "HMS GALATEA No 18 Mess". This number was for identification for individual sailors as the crew was divided into 'messes' on board. Until 1906 each ship of the Royal Navy were obliged to purchase their own dinner services for their mess. HMS GALATEA was commanded by His Royal Highness Prince Alfred on its 1867-68 world cruise.
    SignificanceThis plate represents HMS GALATEA, the ship commanded by Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh during his world cruise in 1867-1868. It was the first visit to Australia by a member of the British Royal Family and the Duke spent almost six months in the colonies, during which time there was an immense outpouring of patriotic fervour.
    HistoryHMS GALATEA was a steam frigate of 3,500 tons and one of the fastest and best equipped ships in the Royal Navy. It was launched at Woolwich in 1859 and was fully-rigged in addition to its steam engines. The cruise of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh (1844-1900), the second son of Queen Victoria, in GALATEA was a momentous occasion for the Australian colonies as it was the first visit of British royalty since British settlement in 1788.

    Prince Alfred entered the Royal Navy in August 1858 and travelled widely as a midshipman in the frigate EURYALUS. He was promoted lieutenant in 1863 and in 1866 became both a naval captain and Duke of Edinburgh. He commissioned his first command, HMS GALATEA, in January 1867, left for the Mediterranean in February and sailed for South America on 12 June for a state visit to the Emperor of Brazil. In late August, GALATEA left Brazil and headed for the tiny island of Tristan da Cunha in the Atlantic Ocean where the Duke was entertained by the 53 British inhabitants. On 6 September the ship headed to the Cape of Good Hope. After a few weeks in the Cape Colony, the GALATEA reached Adelaide on 31 October 1867 to commence the first royal tour of Australia.

    After three uneventful weeks in South Australia, the Duke moved on to Melbourne where a shooting incident between Orange and Catholic factions and a riot due to inept handling of a free public banquet marred the generally enthusiastic atmosphere. He then visited Tasmania and arrived in Sydney on 21 January 1868. After a month of festivities he spent a week in Brisbane and returned to Sydney.

    Despite rumours of sectarian strife, the Duke attended a picnic at Clontarf on 12 March where an Irishman, Henry James O'Farrell, succeeded in wounding him seriously. In a frenzy of outraged patriotism the New South Wales government sought unsuccessfully to uncover a conspiracy and, overruling the Duke's eminently sensible proposal to refer the sentence on O'Farrell to the Queen, refused to recommend clemency. O'Farrell was hanged on 21 April and the Duke, who had recovered completely by 26 March, left Sydney for England on 6 April via Cape Horn. The events were fully covered in the newspapers of the day, the Illustrated Sydney News providing graphic illustrations. An attempt to stir up anti-Irish feeling on the back of the event was short-lived. A Norfolk Island pine, planted to mark the place where the Duke was shot, still exists in Holmes Avenue.

    The Duke visited Australia again informally, arriving in Fremantle on 28 January 1869 and leaving Sydney on 3 April. In both Sydney and Melbourne he dedicated hospitals (Royal Prince Alfred and The Alfred respectively) commemorating his escape from death. In 1870 the Duke made a final visit to dock the GALATEA. He arrived at Sydney on 15 September, visited Melbourne for the Cup from 22 October to 19 November, and sailed early in 1871 without any ceremonies.

    HMS GALATEA was scrapped in Britain in 1882.
    Additional Titles

    Assigned title: Mess plate from HMS GALATEA

    Web title: Mess plate from HMS GALATEA

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