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Work exemption certificate issued to Marta Saulitis

Date: 28 April 1947
Overall: 147 x 103 mm, 0.005 kg
Medium: Ink on paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection
Object Name: Work exemption certificate
Object No: 00029690
Place Manufactured:Wolfsburg

User Terms

    This 'arbeits-pass' (work exemption certificate) was issued to Marta Saulitis, a Latvian citizen, by the Office of Labour in Wolfsburg, occupied Germany, after World War II. The certificate is dated 28 April 1947. Marta Saulitis was one of many Latvians who migrated with her family to Australia after World War II. Saulitis arrived in 1951 and settled in Melbourne.
    SignificanceThis work exemption certificate is significant in documenting the displacement experienced by many Europeans as a result of World War II.
    HistoryDuring World War II much of Western Europe was invaded by Nazi Germany, forcing millions of people to flee their oppressed homelands to Displaced Persons camps. The Soviet Union annexed Latvia in 1940 under the terms of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact with Germany. When Germany invaded the Soviet Union during World War II Latvia was invaded and occupied. The Soviet Union recaptured Latvia from Germany in 1944.

    In the decade after the end of World War II, more than two million people migrated to Australia as part of a government campaign to increase Australia’s population. More than 170,000 were European displaced people resettled in Australia through the Displaced Persons’ Resettlement Scheme, established through an agreement between the Commonwealth Government and the International Refugee Organisation (IRO).

    The IRO was formed in 1946 to transport Displaced Persons to countries in Europe, North America and Australia. The organisation chartered individuals and families from various European countries including Germany, Hungary, Russia, Ukraine, Latvia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania and Lithuania. Latvians were one of the first Displaced Persons groups to be accepted by Australia, with some 19,421 Latvians living in the country by 1951.
    Additional Titles

    Assigned title: Work exemption certificate issued to Marta Saulitis (nee Zeltins)

    Web title: Work exemption certificate issued to Marta Saulitis

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