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High school student's certificate issued to Oskars Osis

Date: 1 November 1943
Dimensions:
Overall: 117 x 85 mm, 0.008 kg
Medium: Ink on card, silver gelatin print on paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection
Classification:Ephemera
Object Name: Certificate
Object No: 00029712
Related Place:Jelgava,

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    Description
    This High School Student's Certificate (aplieciba) was issued to Oskars Osis by the State High School of Duke of Peter, Jelgava, Latvia. The permit was issued on 11 May 1943 and renewed twice until 15 May 1944. Certificates were issued to every student in German-occupied Latvia for identification and to obtain travel concessions. Oskars Osis was one of many Latvians who migrated with his family to Australia after World War II. Osis arrived in 1951 and settled in Melbourne.
    SignificanceThis certificate relates to Oskars Osis' life in Latvia prior to his migration to Australia. Latvians were amongst the first migrants to be accepted by Australia after World War II through the Displaced Persons’ Resettlement Scheme. This scheme, an agreement between the Commonwealth Government and the International Refugee Organisation, marked a major shift in Australian immigration policy, which had previously prioritised British migration.
    HistoryDuring World War II much of Western Europe was invaded by Nazi Germany, forcing millions of people to flee their oppressed homelands to Displaced Persons camps. The Soviet Union annexed Latvia in 1940 under the terms of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact with Germany. When Germany invaded the Soviet Union during World War II Latvia was invaded and occupied. The Soviet Union recaptured Latvia from Germany in 1944.

    In the decade after the end of World War II, more than two million people migrated to Australia as part of a government campaign to increase Australia’s population. More than 170,000 were European displaced people resettled in Australia through the Displaced Persons’ Resettlement Scheme, established through an agreement between the Commonwealth Government and the International Refugee Organisation (IRO).

    The IRO was formed in 1946 to transport Displaced Persons to countries in Europe, North America and Australia. The organisation chartered individuals and families from various European countries including Germany, Hungary, Russia, Ukraine, Latvia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania and Lithuania. Latvians were one of the first Displaced Persons groups to be accepted by Australia, with some 19,421 Latvians living in the country by 1951.
    Additional Titles

    Assigned title: High school student's certificate issued to Oskars Osis

    Web title: High school student's certificate issued to Oskars Osis

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