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Case for Excelsior Mark IV Traffail ship's log

Date: 20th century
Overall: 136 x 384 x 185 mm, 1.8 kg
Medium: Wood, brass hinges, paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Gift from Dorothy Sharp
Classification:Tools and equipment
Object Name: Box
Object No: 00029318
Place Manufactured:Birmingham

User Terms

    This wooden box stores a Walker and Son Excelsior Mark IV Traffail Log, including register (00029320), rotator and shell (00029319), and a half pint tin of oil (00029321). On the inside of the lid are instructions for the use and fitting of the log.
    SignificanceThe invention of the Traffail log by Walker and Son in 1879 was an important development ship’s logs. The Traffail log allowed readings to be taken without the removal of the log from the water, which saw it superseded earlier harpoon-type logs.
    HistoryA log is the name given to any device for measuring the speed of a vessel though water or the distance the vessel has sailed in a given time. Originally logs were simple affairs, but with the growth of sea-borne trade in the 17th and 18th century the need for more accurate measurements of a ship’s speed became more widespread.

    A name synonymous with the development of the log is Thomas Walker (1805 - 1873), an English clockmaker who began working for his uncle under Edward Massey in 1850 making logs and sounders under his uncle’s patent. In 1861 Walker founded a company with his son Alexander and patented a revolutionary mechanical ship's log called the Harpoon, which incorporated the dials into the outer casing of the rotor. In 1863, a new model, the A1 Harpoon, was produced soon to be followed by the A2 Harpoon in 1866. In 1879, Walker and Son invented the Traffail log which allowed readings to be taken without the removal of the log from the water and superseded all the harpoon-type logs.

    Additional Titles

    Web title: Case for Excelsior Mark IV Traffail ship's log


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