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Ticket collector, Horse Punt

Date: c 1908
Overall: 202 × 252 mm
Display dimensions: 435 × 590 mm
Medium: Gelatin silver photograph, chloro-bromide cool tone matt print
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Donated through the Australian Government’s Cultural Gifts Program by Anne Christoffersen, in memory of the artist
Object Name: Photograph
Object No: 00054627
Related Place:Sydney Harbour,

User Terms

    Horse punts were the means of vehicular Harbour crossings for horse-drawn carts, drays and motor vehicles before the opening of the Sydney Harbour bridge in 1932. This wharf was built at Dawes Point Sydney servicing steam punts or ferries which crossed the Harbour to Blues Point from the 1860s until 1932. This view by noted Australian pictorialist photographer Harold Cazneaux puts the ticket collector front and centre, shows the ferry in the background and represents Cazneaux's interest in capturing old Sydney, its life and landscapes.
    SignificanceThis view of the vehicular horse ferry is an early Sydney work by leading pictorialist photographer Harold Cazneaux photographed in 1908 and demonstrates the importance of ferries for Harbour transport before the construction of the Sydney Harbour Bridge..
    HistoryHarold Cazneaux was working first as an artist-retoucher at Hammer Studio in the 1890s (He was born in 1878, was only 13 when his mother died in 1892) and had a low opinion of the formulaic studio portraiture. He was inspired to pursue art photography in the 1890s in Adelaide after seeing local work by John Kauffman and imported examples of the new impressionistic art photography movement known as Pictorial Photography.

    He moved to Sydney in 1904 and obtaining his own camera started taking photographs around Sydney in a Pictorial style stressing atmosphere and also nostalgia for the old Sydney world of the Rocks and local manual workers and residents. A parallel focus on Old Sydney was a feature of print makers at the turn of the century.
    His first one man show in 1909 included many harbour side city images often in soft focus taken early morning and after work on his way home to North Sydney and on weekend ferry excursions ot Watsons Bay and Mosman etc..

    From his arrival in Sydney Cazneaux was struck by the contrasts of old and new in the ‘big smoke’ of Sydney especially the harbourside shipping but treated these as atmospheric romantic images in a style well established by late Victorian era printmakers and painters. He was commissioned to photograph BHP plants in NSW and South Australian for the Company’s 1935 Jubilee. The industrial images combined both pictorialist atmosphere with the drama and scale of modernist celebrations of the machine age.

    From as early as 1915 with his art -deco striped child study The Bamboo Blind, Cazneaux developed a hybrid Pictorialist –Modernist style incorporating clearer geometric lines and brighter sunshine. In his work for The Home magazine Cazneaux most often worked in a sun-lit style although still exhibiting more impressionistic works in the Pictorialist Salons. In the late 1920s and1930s his modern style was the equal of his younger contemporaries like Max Dupain but always retained a human interest element and perspective even rather than the colder machine age aesthetic and distorting angles favoured by modernists.
    From Gael Newton

    This wharf was built at Dawes Point Sydney in 1831 and operated for a century. It was serviced by five ferries, or punts, which went to Blues Point. There was one other Harbour crossing operating from Bennelong Point (Fort Macquarie) to Milsons Point, constructed in 1883.
    Related People
    Photographer: Harold Cazneaux

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