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A welcome to New South Wales, Australia, for the United States Fleet - Aug: 1908

Date: 1908
Overall: 132 x 207 mm, 3 mm, 0.1 kg
Medium: Ink on paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Gift from Anthony Walsh
Object Name: Booklet
Object No: 00027951
Place Manufactured:Sydney

User Terms

    This booklet entitled 'A welcome to NSW, Australia, for the United States Fleet' was produced for the visit of the American Great White Fleet to Australia in 1908. The cover has a line image of the Great White Fleet against a gold setting sun and the date 'Aug 1908' with the Australian and American flags behind the coat of arms of NSW and United States. The booklet was prepared by the Intelligence Department, Sydney and has forty pages. It contains information on NSW for the visitor and the settler and is illustrated with black and white photographic images. The back cover has a coloured map of Australia with NSW indicated in a different colour.
    SignificanceAustralia welcomed the United State’s Great White Fleet tour in 1908 through the production of souvenir items such as postcards, medallions, badges, books and photographs, which demonstrates the excitement the visit generated in the Australian public.
    HistoryIn December 1907 United States President Theodore Roosevelt sent a US Atlantic Battle Fleet of 16 battleships on a 14 month goodwill cruise around the world. The fleet was a chance for the Navy to practice seamanship and express America's world power. Roosevelt was also concerned about rising Japanese aggression and their expansionist foreign policy. The cruise would be a political and public relations exercise to build domestic support for more naval construction.

    Led by the flagship, USS CONNECTICUT, the Great White Fleet as it became known, consisted of 16 battleships painted white, as was the practice of all US Navy ships in times of peace. The ships sailed in four divisions of four ships each. Early in the voyage the order of the ships was altered to allow the best-looking vessels to be at the front of the fleet. The cruise incorporated six continents, 26 countries and 32 ports with 614 officers and 13,504 crew. It consumed 435,000 tons of coal, more than any other naval expedition and was the largest fleet to ever accomplish a circumnavigation of the globe.

    Australia was not originally on the itinerary route of the Great White Fleet, who only decided to visit after receiving a direct invitation from the Prime Minister Alfred Deakin. One quarter of the Australian population, over one million people, saw the Great White Fleet during its three-week visit to Sydney, Melbourne and Albany. Public holidays were declared and enthusiastic crowds flocked to see the ships and parades. Vast arrays of souvenirs were produced for a population caught up in the euphoria.
    Additional Titles

    Primary title: A welcome to New South Wales, Australia, for the United States Fleet - Aug: 1908

    Web title: A welcome to NSW for the United States Fleet

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