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Five papers on convict discipline and transportation to Australia

Date: 1843-1850
Dimensions:
Overall: 333 x 224 x 25 mm, 1.05 kg
Medium: Gilt, moiré cloth, boards, Ink on paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection
Classification:Ephemera
Object Name: Parliamentary paper
Object No: 00027400
Place Manufactured:London

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    Description
    These five parliamentary papers issued by the House of Commons discuss convict discipline and transportation to Australia. They were produced by the Government Printer 1843-1850, London and originally published as separate foolscap folios and made available for public sale.
    SignificanceThis folio provides an important insight into convict discipline and transportation to the Australian colonies in the 1840s.
    HistorySince the early 1600s European societies used the transportation of criminals overseas as a form of punishment. When in the 18th century the death penalty came to be regarded as too severe for certain capital offences, such as theft and larceny, transportation to North America became a popular form of sentence.

    The American War of Independence (1776-1781) put an end to the mass export of British and Irish convicts to America and many of the convicts in Great Britain's jails were instead sent to hulks (decommissioned naval vessels) on the River Thames and at Portsmouth, Plymouth, Cork and Dublin. In 1784, under the Transportation and Penitentiaries Act convicts could be exiled to colonies overseas.

    Between 1788 and 1868 over 168,000 men, women and children were transported from Britain to Australia as convicts on board more than 1,000 modified merchant ships which had been converted into convict transports.
    Additional Titles

    Web title: Five papers on convict discipline and transportation to Australia

    Primary title: Five papers on convict discipline and transportation to Australia

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