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Warship in Sydney Harbour, possibly HMS NEW ZEALAND

Date: June 1919
Medium: Emulsion on nitrate film.
Credit Line: ANMM Collection
Classification:Photographs
Object Name: Nitrate negative
Object No: 00020563
Place Manufactured:Sydney
Related Place:South Head,

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    Description
    This image probably depicts HMS NEW ZEALAND during Admiral of the Fleet Viscount John Rushworth Jellicoe's 'Tour of the Dominions'. Jellicoe's aim was to conduct a review of Australia’s strategic situation and to make recommendations for the Royal Australian Navy. He subsequently travelled to New Zealand where he became Governor General of New Zealand in 1920.
    SignificanceThe Samuel J Hood photographic collection records an extensive range of maritime activity on Sydney Harbour, including sail and steam ships, crew portraits, crews at work, ship interiors, stevedores loading and unloading cargo, port scenes, pleasure boats and harbourside social activities from the 1890s through to the 1950s. They are also highly competent artistic studies and views - Hood was regarded as an important figure in early Australian photojournalism. Hood’s maritime photographs are one of the most significant collections of such work in Australia.
    HistoryFrom the very beginning of Admiral of the Fleet Viscount John Rushworth Jellicoe’s ‘Tour of the Dominions’, there was a sense that it was to be a strictly business-like and unceremonious affair. Jellicoe’s task was to visit the sovereignties of the British Empire and provide a report to the British Government on the naval status and requirements of each nation. On 20 February 1919, Admiral Jellicoe, on leaving Waterloo railway station in London for Portsmouth, declined an interview with the media saying, ‘I hate publicity’. Two days later, Admiral Jellicoe departed a blizzard-ridden Portsmouth on board HMS NEW ZEALAND.

    After visiting ports in Egypt, Gibraltar and Bombay, NEW ZEALAND then sailed for Australia. On 15 May, Jellicoe, the first Admiral of the fleet to visit Australian waters, arrived in Albany, Western Australia at 9:15am. On 30 May, after stopping briefly at Adelaide, NEW ZEALAND arrived to a ‘tumultuous’ welcome from the people of Melbourne at the St Kilda entrance. On 16 June, NEW ZEALAND arrived in Hobart, Tasmania for another short stay before sailing for Sydney and arriving on 23 June. As previous newspaper reports had indicated, there seemed to be much more hype invested in the lead up to the visit, rather than Jellicoe’s arrival. Grand statements about Jellicoe’s war prowess and reputation as a great ‘naval strategist and tactician’ seemed juxtaposed by less favourable observations that there, ‘did not appear to be the great magnetism or personality that one might mentally picture’ (‘The Sydney Morning Herald’, 24 June 1919, p 7).

    Numerous official, though low key, functions were held in Jellicoe’s honour and NEW ZEALAND spent time in Sutherland Dock in Cockatoo Island. On 16 August, Jellicoe and his ship’s company sailed for New Zealand, again ‘without outward ceremony’. Admiral Jellicoe sent a brief message to the Acting Prime Minister, William A Watt, upon departure:

    ‘I esteem It a great honour and privilege to have been entrusted with the task of advising the Government on the subject of naval defence, and my work has been greatly facilitated by the valuable help afforded me by yourself and your colleagues, as well as by all departments and officers. Lady Jellicoe and my staff and I leave Australia with deep regret, and we shall ever remember the warm-heartedness of your reception and the great kindness shown to us by all classes of the community.’
    [‘The Sydney Morning Herald’, 18 August 1919, p 8]

    HMS NEW ZEALAND

    HMS NEW ZEALAND was an Indefatigable-class battle cruiser financed by the New Zealand Government and given as a gift to the Royal Navy. It was the sister ship to HMAS AUSTRALIA I, also an Indefatigable class Battle Cruiser. It was launched on 1 July 1911. NEW ZEALAND was active during World War I in the Battle of Heligoland Bight (1914), the Battle of Dogger Bank (1915) and the Battle of Jutland (1916). Under the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 NEW ZEALAND was sold to be broken up.
    Additional Titles

    Web title: Warship in Sydney Harbour, possibly HMS NEW ZEALAND

    Assigned title: Warship possibly HMS NEW ZEALAND

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