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Translation sheet for Operation 'Desert Storm' propaganda leaflets

Date: 1991
Overall: 355 x 216 mm, 0.004 kg
Medium: Ink, lithographic print on paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Purchased with USA Bicentennial Gift funds
Object Name: Leaflet
Object No: 00019273

User Terms

    This translation sheet was used in the production of Operation 'Desert Storm' propaganda leaflets. Operation Desert Storm, was the United States name for the airland action taken against Iraq during the 1991 Gulf War. These propaganda leaflets and safe conduct passes were dropped over Iraqi troops by the United States airforce. Airborne leaflet propaganda is used by the military to attempt to alter the behaviour of opposition forces by persuading them to cease fighting, abandon their positions and surrender.

    SignificanceThis translation leaflet represents the types of airborne propaganda undertaken by Coalition forces during the Gulf War. These leaflets were dropped by 110 different aircraft sorties between 30 December 1990 and 28 February 1991.
    HistoryOperation Desert Storm was the name given to the massive air operation undertaken during the 1991 Gulf War, by the United Nations authorised Coalition Forces led by the United States. The Saddam Hussein orchestrated invasion of Kuwait by Iraqi troops on 2 August 1990 heralded the start of the Persian Gulf War. Following two days of aerial, naval and land combat, Iraqi troops gained control of Kuwait. Despite the undertaking of diplomatic sanctions against Iraq in early August ,including the United Nations Resolution 660 demanding the withdrawal of Iraqi troops and the UN Resolution 661 authorising economic sanctions on Iraq, Hussein installed a puppet regime in Kuwait. On August 8 1990, he then installed his cousin Ali Hassan al-Majid as the governor of Kuwait.

    On 29 November 1990, the United Nations issued a deadline of 15 January 1991 for Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait, under the security council resolution 678. The resolution enabled coalition forces to use "all necessary means" to force Iraqi troops out of Kuwait after the deadline. Saddam Hussein's calls for compromise and conditions under which Iraq would withdraw from Kuwait were rejected. On 17 January 1991 the coalition forces began an extensive aerial bombing campaign, named Operation Desert Storm. The campaign had a three pronged approach. The first aim of the campaign was to destroy the Iraqi air force and anti-aircraft facilities; the second to destroy command and communication facilities and the third to target military targets throughout Iraq and Kuwait. The Coalition forces dominated the Iraqi troops with their technologically advanced air capabilities. Only 75 coalition aircraft were lost in over 100,000 sorties, 44 of which were the result of Iraqi action. A ground assault followed the aerial campaign which was launched on 23 February 1991. On 26 February 1991, Iraqi troops began retreating from Kuwait, and on 28 February a cease-fire was declared by American President George Bush, 100 hours after the ground campaign had begun.
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    Web title: Translation sheet for Operation 'Desert Storm' propaganda leaflets

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