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HEREWARD wrecked on Maroubra Beach

Date: 1898
Dimensions:
Overall: 150 x 204 mm
Medium: Ink on paper, board
Credit Line: ANMM Collection
Classification:Photographs
Object Name: Photograph
Object No: 00019473
Place Manufactured:Sydney
Related Place:Maroubra,

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    Description
    This photograph was taken at Maroubra Beach in May 1898. The clipper ship HEREWARD is shown beached and being pounded by waves. The photo is inscribed 'C. Bayliss Photo', however as photographer Charles Bayliss died in 1897, this image was probably taken by someone from the Bayliss studio.
    SignificanceThe photographs of Charles Bayliss are regarded as some of the most famous of the 19th century, capturing a range of Australian landscapes and events. As well as documenting the grounding of HEREWARD on Maroubra Beach in 1898, this photograph is an example of Bayliss' photographic focus on the maritime activities of Sydney and its surrounding suburbs.
    HistoryThe HEREWARD was a full rigged iron clipper ship built in Glasgow in 1877 and traded frequently between London and Sydney with general cargo. However, it is best known for being wrecked on Maroubra Beach in May 1898.

    The HEREWARD left the Dutch East Indies port of Surabaya bound for Newcastle where it was to load with coal for South America. On 5 May 1898 it encountered fierce storms off the New South Wales coast and was forced ashore by the heavy winds - with the sails reportedly ripped to shreds in the gale force conditions. The ship ended up on soft sand at the northern end of Maroubra Beach and was lucky to have avoided two rocky reefs. The crew of 25 made it safely ashore and alerted the authorities of the accident.

    The wreck was stranded on the beach and the owners decided to sell it as salvage. Insured for 6,000 pounds, it was sold for 550. The new owner tried to refloat the ship and almost succeeded but each time it ended up back on the beach and by December 1898 wave action had broken it in two.

    The following decades saw all viable pieces removed - by salvagers, treasure hunters and the sea and sand - until in 1937 only a small bit remained above the waterline. In 1950, 1965 and again in 1966 the remnants were blasted away.

    In March 2013, heavy seas uncovered remains of the HEREWARD wreck on the seafloor at Maroubra. During subsequent salvage operations, maritime archaeologists from the Office of Environment and Heritage recovered a 1.17m long rare bronze cannon from the site.

    Additional Titles

    Web title: HEREWARD wrecked on Maroubra Beach

    Primary title: UNTITLED ("HEREWARD" WRECKED ON MAROUBRA BEACH), ALBUMEN PRINT ON PAPER MOUNTED ON BOARD

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