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Orient Line tourist class B passengers' ticket

Date: c 1939
Overall: 120 x 175 mm
Medium: Ink on paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Gift from Walter and Jean Lederer Donated through the Australian Government's Cultural Gifts Program
Object Name: Ticket
Object No: 00015933
Place Manufactured:London

User Terms

    The Orient Line operated regular passenger runs between Britain and Australia during the mid-20th century. This printed tourist class passenger ticket was issued to Arthur Lederer, his wife Valerie and their son Walter. It was ticket number 1,405 and is dated 13 June 1939. The Lederer family fled Austria as Nazi persecution against the Jews began to escalate. They arrived in Australia in 1939 on SS ORAMA to start a new life as displaced migrants.
    SignificanceThe story of the Lederer family provides a glimpse into the experiences of the Jewish population of Vienna and illustrates the tortuous journey many emigrants were forced to endure in order to find safety. This passenger ticket belonging to the Lederer family documents the story of one migrant family's flight from Nazi-occupied Europe to Australia.
    HistoryBorn in Vienna, Austria in 1889, Arthur Lederer was a talented tailor who made gala uniforms for European royalty and high society. On the eve of Adolf Hitler’s march into Vienna in March 1938, Lederer was working on Archduke Otto of Austria’s crowning robes, believing that the exiled monarch would return.

    In November 1938 Arthur Lederer, his wife Valerie and their son Walter attempted to escape the escalating Jewish persecution in Nazi-occupied Austria. They travelled by taxi from Vienna to the Austria-Czechoslovakia border but were held up by the German Gestapo and thrown into jail. They were released after three days and returned home to Vienna.

    Four weeks later they made another attempt to escape. The family purchased passports in December 1938 and travelled by Austrian Airlines to Prague, Czechoslovakia. The League of Nations (forerunner to the United Nations) issued them with Nansen passports, an internationally recognised identity card provided to stateless refugees.

    Arthur then started appealing to his well-connected clients for help to escape Europe. Most clients did not respond, perhaps fearing they would be persecuted by the Nazis for assisting Jews. Eventually Lady Max Muller, wife of the British Ambassador to Spain, provided them with tickets to Australia and the £300 arrival money required by the Australian Government.

    The family travelled to Australia on the Orient liner SS ORAMA, which departed Toulon, France on 17 June 1939. ORAMA stopped at Naples, Italy, Port Said, Egypt, Aden, Yemen and Colombo, Ceylon before arriving in Fremantle, Western Australia. From Fremantle the Lederers sailed to Sydney, where they began their new life in Australia.
    Additional Titles

    Assigned title: Ticket no1405 for passage on the ORAMA from London to Sydney 17 June 1939 for Mr and Mrs Lederer

    Primary title: Orient Line tourist class B passengers' ticket

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