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Date: c 1900
Overall: 365 x 250 mm, 0.4 kg
Medium: Print on paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Gift from Jennifer Smyth
Object Name: Print
Object No: 00015839

User Terms

    Print titled 'Hatched', sequel to "A Duck's Egg", by Austrian artist Raphael Kirchner.
    Kirchner, an Austrian artist, became exceptionally popular during WW1 for his drawings of alluring females in postcard and magazine formats. His style and images became known as 'Kirchner Girls' and could be found in trenches, mess halls, ships and dugouts throughout the war. He became a forerunner and primary instigator of the 'pinup' genre.
    This particular print was likely purchased by Commander Geoffrey Haggard in Melbourne, circa 1919.

    SignificanceThe story of the submarine AE2 her Commander Henry Stoker and First Lieutenant, Geoffrey Haggard, and their infiltration of the Dardanelles in World War I is a highly significant Allied military and Australian naval episode. Although the event did not ultimately alter the course of the war it did demonstrate to Britain that Turkish waters could be breached. Subsequent submarine activity there by E11 and E14 severely hampered Turkish efforts to reinforce and supply their troops engaged at Gallipoli by forcing them to take the more arduous overland route.
    History"Romantic themes were also popular. Lewis Baumer, Claude Shepperson and Edmund Blampied often drew pretty girls, fashion puns or sorrowful partings between swethearts. The Sketch magazine in particular championed the work in particular of numerous artists and in Britain, pioneered the pin-up genre, publishing, in an exclusive deal, the work of Raphael Kirchner, whose sensual, coquettish Kirchner Girls were a sensation, and particularly popular with troops at the front who used them to enliven the walls of dugouts. The Sketch puplished one letter of gratitude, after one of his most popular pictures had been published: "Dear Sketch, I feel that a special vote of thanks should be rendered to your excellent publication in general, and Mr Raphael Kirchner in particular, for the coloured supllement of 'The Duck's Egg' hatching out on March 31. No officers' mess in the North of France is to be found without one or more of your cheering productions on its walls..."
    [Great War Britain: The First World War At Home, Lucinda Gosling, The History Press, 2014]
    Additional Titles

    Primary title: Hatched by Raphael Kirchner

    Assigned title: Hatched

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