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Commission signed by Queen Victoria and bearing the Great Seal appointing Lord Chief Justice Cockburn British Commissioner at the Alabama Arbitration.

Date: 1871
Dimensions:
Overall: 381 x 526 mm
Display Dimensions: 178 x 55 mm
Medium: Vellum, metal, cotton, wax
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Purchased with USA Bicentennial Gift funds
Classification:Ephemera
Object Name: Commission
Object No: 00015116
Place Manufactured:London

User Terms

    Description
    Commission signed by Queen Victoria and bearing the great seal appointing Lord Chief Justice Cockburn British Commissioner at the Alabama Arbitration.

    After the Civil War had finished the United States claimed contributory damages from Great Britain for the destruction caused by Confederate raiders such as the SHENANDOAH. The United States claimed that Great Britain had allowed Confederate ships to refuel and repair in supposedly neutral ports and thus assisted Confederate ships in their campaign against US vessels. The international court which dealt with this claim decided that British neutrality had been breached and a total judgement for $15,000,000 was awareded against Britain, some $3,750,000 because of the activities of the SHENANDOAH.
    SignificanceThis commission graphically demonstates that the visit of the SHENANDOAH was not simply a dramatic local incident but also had important international diplomatic consequences.
    HistoryAfter the American Civil War had finished the United States claimed contributory damages from Great Britain for the destruction caused by the Confederate raiders CSS ALABAMA,CSS FLORIDA and the CSS SHENANDOAH.
    The United States claimed that Great Britain had allowed Confederate ships to refuel and repair in supposedly neutral ports and thus assisted Confederate ships in their campaign against Union shipping .
    The international court which dealt with this claim decided that British neutrality had been breached and a total judgement for $15,000,000 was awarded against Britain, some $3,750,000 because of the activities of the CSS SHENANDOAH.
    The CSS SHENANDOAH arrived in Melbourne on 25 January 1865 to effect repair, take on supplies and as it transpired recruit new crew. The United States Consul in Melbourne protested to the Governor. The CSS SHENANDOAH's visit divided local
    opinion which was reflected in the press of the day. On leaving Melbourne the CSS SHENANDOAH proceeded to attack Union whalers in the Ochotzk Sea and Behring Strait.
    Additional Titles

    Assigned title: Kommission von Queen Victoria unterzeichnet mit dem Stempel der Ernennung von Justiz Cockburn als britischer Kommissar an der Alabama Arbitrage

    Assigned title: Commissie ondertekend door koningin Victoria met het stempel van aanstelling van Justice Cockburn als Britse commissaris bij de Alabama Arbitrage

    Primary title: Commission signed by Queen Victoria and bearing the Great Seal appointing Lord Chief Justice Cockburn British Commissioner at the Alabama Arbitration.

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