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Article refers to the saling of the MONTEREY and reference is made to Audrey Capuano and her knitted jumper

Date: 1946
Dimensions:
Overall: 164 x 150 mm
Medium: Ink on paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Gift from Audrey Capuano
Classification:Ephemera
Object Name: Newspaper clipping
Object No: 00015085
Place Manufactured:Australia

User Terms

    Description
    This newspaper clipping titled 'Zero hour on brideship MONTEREY' refers to a group of 410 Australian war brides in April 1946 sailing on the MONTEREY to America. Australian Audrey Capuano (nee Westley), was an American war bride who sailed from Sydney to San Francisco in 1946. More than 12,000 Australian women and children sailed to the United States on converted troop ships and passenger liners in the years 1945 to 1947 in Operation War Bride. Audrey Capuano is pictured in the newspaper clipping wearing the stars and stripes jumper she knitted for the journey.
    SignificanceThis newspaper clipping reflects the experience of many Australian women during World War II who became American war brides and moved to the USA to start a new life.
    HistoryDuring World War II between 12,000 and 15,000 Australian women married American servicemen. Some migrated and lived in the USA, while others returned to Australia in the years following the war, with or without their husbands. These women often encountered public scrutiny and disapproval for their decision to marry, with many Australians specifically men, resentful of Americans 'taking their wives'. For many women, American servicemen filled the vacuum created by Australian men stationed overseas. During the campaign in the Pacific thousands of American troops were stationed in Australia, at a time when many of Australia’s young men were fighting in Europe and the Middle East.

    Audrey Wesley was born in Strathalbyn, South Australia. At the age of 18 she met American Private First Class Angelo “Bob” Capuano (32nd Division Reconstruction Corps, US Army) at one of the weekly dances held in her home town of Strathalbyn, South Australia, in May 1942. They were married at St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney in August 1944, but Audrey faced a lengthy delay before getting passage to the US to meet up with her new husband.

    Departing Sydney on the SS MONTEREY in a group of 410 Australian war brides in April 1946, Audrey was photographed in the Stars and Stripes jumper she had knitted, and 15 days later muscial bands and more photographers were out on the wharf to meet the group at San Francisco. Audrey was hailed in the American Press as "Betsy Ross the Second" - after the legendary Philadelphia seamstress who made the first flag during the American War of Independence.

    Audrey formed the Australian Wives' Club in Pittsburgh for social gatherings and companionship. Audrey and Angelo (Bob) raised four children in Pittsburgh, with Audrey making several visits to see family and friends in Australia.

    This newspaper clipping reads as follows:
    'ZERO HOUR ON BRIDESHIP MONTEREY
    MONTEREY MOTHERS, Mrs. Gwen Gilbertson, with Michele, 2, and Mrs. Shirley Norton, with Robert, 10 months, gave a last farewell before their bride ship sailed today. At right is Audrey Capuano, from South Australia, who demonstrated her new patriotism with a colorful jumper.'
    Additional Titles

    Assigned title: Article refers to the saling of the MONTEREY and reference is made to Audrey Capuano and her knitted jumper

    Primary title: Zero hour on brideship MONTEREY

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