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Untitled, HUGH CRAWFORD in two views off a rocky coast

Date: 1824
Overall: 999 x 1427 mm, 16.5 kg
Medium: Oil on canvas
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Purchased with USA Bicentennial Gift funds
Object Name: Painting
Object No: 00008016

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    This painting depicts the American ship HUGH CRAWFORD near a rocky coastline, portraying the vessel from two different perspectives. HUGH CRAWFORD flies a British union flag on its mizzenmast and a red ensign. This painting was possibly painted for William Langdon who was the vessels Master in 1824. The ship was used to transport cargo and passengers between London, Hobart and Sydney during the early 1800s.
    SignificanceThis painting is representative of 19th century British ship portraits. It is a rare depiction of an early ship associated with trade in colonial Australia.
    HistoryThe HUGH CRAWFORD was a 366 ton fully rigged ship built in New York, 1809 and at the time was one of the fastest vessels in the world. The ship was originally called ORBIT and used for trade between America and Liverpool. In 1813 it was renamed the HUGH CRAWFORD after being captured by the Royal Navy ship HMS ACHATES during the English war with America. Britain seized a number of American merchant ships during the time, mainly to intercept their trade with the French.

    The HUGH CRAWFORD arrived in Australia in April 1825 and was one of the first privately charted ships to carry free emigrants to New South Wales. Under the command of William Langdon the HUGH CRAWFORD made three voyages between London, Hobart Town and Port Jackson during 1825 - 1827. It is known to have transported sheep, horned cattle, horses, mail, merchant goods, timber and passengers.

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