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Advertisement for Mitchell and Croasdale whale products

Date: c 1857
Dimensions:
Overall: 435 x 588 mm, 2.45 kg
Medium: Coloured lithograph on paper.
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Purchased with USA Bicentennial Gift funds
Classification:Ephemera
Object Name: Lithograph
Object No: 00006849
Place Manufactured:Philadelphia

User Terms

    Description
    This lithograph advertises Mitchell and Croasdale Whale products in Philadelphia. By 1847 more than 500 American whalers were working the Pacific whaling grounds. They supplied growing markets in America and Europe with oil and other whale products. The advertisement features two whaleboats pursuing a sperm whale.
    SignificanceThis lithograph highlights the significant role that whaling played in the 19th century, and the importance of whale products for lighting, lubrication and in the manufacture of a range of commodities.
    HistoryWhaling played an essential part in 19th century life. Industry and households depended on whale products for which there was no substitute. Whale oil was used for lighting and lubrication until 1860 when kerosene and petroleum started to gain popularity. The pure clean oil from sperm whales was a superior source of lighting and the finest candles were made from the whale's wax-like spermaceti. Light and flexible, baleen - the bristle-fringed plates found in the jaws of baleen whales - had many uses in objects which today would be made out of plastic.

    American whaling centred on the north-east coastal town of New Bedford, a booming industry in the 19th century with hundreds of ships regularly heading out to the Pacific Ocean. Australian whaling stations included the settlement at Twofold Bay, NSW which was established by entrepreneur Benjamin Boyd in 1844. In this region and in parts of North America whalers noted that pods of Killer whales regularly helped them in their hunts by herding migrating whales into bays and keeping the animals on the surface, making it easier for the hunters to kill the trapped whales. The Killer whales were often awarded the prize of the killed whales tongue and lips.

    Whaling was a dangerous activity and many boats were known to have been destroyed during hunts. In 1820, the ship ESSEX was lost after it was rammed by a whale in the Pacific Ocean. Only eight of its' twenty crew survived. Large whaling ships and small boats were vulnerable to defensive whales lashing their tails or pushing their bodies into the vessels.
    Additional Titles

    Web title: Advertisement for Mitchell and Croasdale whale products

    Primary title: ADVERTISEMENT FOR MITCHELL AND CROASDALE WHALE PRODUCTS

    Related People
    Lithographer: W. H. Rease

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