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Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle Musket

Date: after 1853
Overall: 60 x 402 x 186 mm, 3.6 kg
Medium: Wood, steel, brass
Credit Line: ANMM Collection
Object Name: Rifle
Object No: 00006580

User Terms

    The Enfield Pattern 1853 Rifled Musket was a .577 calibre muzzle-loading rifled musket, issued throughout the British Empire between 1853 and 1867. These rifles were used throughout the Australian colonies, and were issued in large quantities by colonial militia in Victoria, New South Wales, and South Australia. This example is believed to have been used aboard a whaling vessel.
    SignificanceThis is an example of a rifle used for hunting large marine animals, and is representative of the whaling industry.
    HistoryWhaling has been an important industry for many cultures for centuries. Whaling provided the first fishing industry and the first exports for the colony of NSW in 1791. During the 1800s a variety of whale species were a valuable resource with their oil used in lamp fuel, lubricants and candles, their baleen in corsets and buggy whips and their ambergris in perfumes and soaps. Whaling became more industrialised as technology advanced, with the consequence of smaller whale populations each year. During the twentieth century, the industry became more controversial and controlled with quotas set for countries and cultures. Nations are generally divided into pro- and anti-whaling factions, with whale populations closely monitored by the International Whaling Commission (IWC). By 1978, whale products were no longer needed and Australia banned whaling and the import of whale products. It now supports the goal of a global ban on whaling.
    Additional Titles

    Collection title: Tilbrook Collection

    Assigned title: Victorian muzzle loading percussion military rifle from the Tilbrook Collection

    Web title: Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle Musket

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