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Souvenir 36 Views Illustrative of the American Fleet's visit to Australia 1908

Date: 1908
Dimensions:
Overall: 190 x 225 mm
Medium: Ink on paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Gift from Dr Richard Waterhouse
Classification:Ephemera
Object Name: Booklet
Object No: 00003841

User Terms

    Description
    This booklet titled 'Souvenir 36 Views Illustrative of the American Fleet's visit to Australia 1908' was produced to commemorate the arrival of the American Great White Fleet in Australia. The booklet contains 36 black and white images of the 16 US battleships.
    SignificanceAustralia welcomed the United States Great White Fleet tour in 1908 through the production of souvenir items such as postcards, medallions, badges, books and photographs, which demonstrates the excitement the visit generated in the Australian public.
    HistoryIn December 1907 United States President Theodore Roosevelt sent a US Atlantic Battle Fleet of 16 battleships on a 14 month goodwill cruise around the world. The fleet was a chance for the Navy to practice seamanship and express America's world power. Roosevelt was also concerned about rising Japanese aggression and their expansionist foreign policy. The cruise would be a political and public relations exercise to build domestic support for more naval construction.

    Led by the flagship, USS CONNECTICUT, the Great White Fleet as it became known, consisted of 16 battleships painted white, as was the practice of all US Navy ships in times of peace. The ships sailed in four divisions of four ships each. Early in the voyage the order of the ships was altered to allow the best-looking vessels to be at the front of the fleet. The cruise incorporated six continents, 26 countries and 32 ports with 614 officers and 13,504 crew. It consumed 435,000 tons of coal, more than any other naval expedition and was the largest fleet to ever accomplish a circumnavigation of the globe.

    Australia was not originally on the itinerary route of the Great White Fleet, who only decided to visit after receiving a direct invitation from the Prime Minister Alfred Deakin. One quarter of the Australian population, over one million people, saw the Great White Fleet during its three-week visit to Sydney, Melbourne and Albany. Public holidays were declared and enthusiastic crowds flocked to see the ships and parades. Vast arrays of souvenirs were produced for a population caught up in the euphoria.
    Additional Titles

    Primary title: Souvenir 36 Views Illustrative of the American Fleet's visit to Australia 1908

    Web title: Souvenir booklet of Great White Fleet visit

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