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Reproduced courtesy of Geoff Parry

Midshipman's log of HMS ORLANDO

Date: 24 May 1888 to 31 March 1889
Dimensions:
Overall: 65 x 330 x 220 mm, 3.05 kg
Display Dimensions: 222 x 333 x 53 mm
Medium: Ink on paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection
Object Copyright: © Geoff Parry 2016
Classification:Books and journals
Object Name: Logbook
Object No: 00003610
Related Place:Auckland, Hobsons Bay, Bur Said, Half Moon Bay, Lyttleton Harbour, Norfolk Island, Lord Howe Island, Broken Bay, Sydney, Devonport, Mandeb, Bab el, São Vicente, Cabo de, Suways, Qanat as-, Farm Cove, Milford Sound, Cádiz, Apia, Finisterre, Cabo de, Moreton Bay, Williamstown, Portland, Isle of, Jervis Bay, Adelaide, Samoa, Vigo, Ría de, Port Chalmers, Mount Cook National Park, Melbourne, Fiji, Cockatoo Island, Arosa, Ría de, Brisbane, Dunedin, Breaksea Sound, Derwent, Suva, Éfaté, Pago Pago, Akaroa, Havannah, Malta, Garden Island, Colombo, Hobart, Cockatoo Island Dockyard, Spithead, Wellington, Spectacle Island, Albany, Islands, Bay of, Otago, Nouméa, ‘Adan, Palma, Gibraltar, Portsmouth, Marrakech, Nouvelle-Calédonie,

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    Description
    Illustrated with more than 100 ink and wash sketches, charts and coastal profiles this log was kept by Midshipman A S Littlejohns during his service in HMS ORLANDO, 24 May 1888 to 31 March 1889.
    SignificanceAn essential part of a midshipman's training was the accurate record keeping and description of daily ship activities, duties, ports of call, navigational essentials and seamanship skills.
    HistoryDuring the 19th century Britain was occupied with increasing its colonial territories and maintaining the empire. The British Royal Navy (RN) at the height of its power divided the world into strategic zones or stations that were manned by a squadron of warships responsible for cruising and protecting British territories and shipping. Until the 1850s Australasia was covered by the East India Station, a vast area that included the Indian Ocean and the waters around Australia. After pressure from the colonial governments of New Zealand and Australia the RN created the Australia Station as a separate command in 1859.

    The station was established to guard British shipping and trade in the Australasian region and ensure sea routes were open and safe. In 1859 the Australia Station included the territories of New Zealand, Chatham Island, New Hebrides, Loyalty Islands, Fiji and Australia. In 1887 when HMS ORLANDO was flagship the Auxiliary Squadron commenced operating in Australia.

    HMS ORLANDO was the lead ship of the Orlando class first-class cruisers built by Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company at Jarrow and launched on 3 August 1886. It was sent to the Australia Station and gained popularity as the flagship, visiting all the major ports in Australia and New Zealand during its nine-year career.

    ORLANDO was the flagship of Charles Ramsay Arbuthnot on the Australia Station from 1892 to 1895. It returned to England in 1898 and was sent to China between 1889 and 1901, to take part in the Boxer Rebellion, later being sold on 11 July 1905.

    During the Boxer Rebellion in 1900, sailors from HMS ORLANDO formed part of the force led by Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Seymour, attempting to relieve the British Legation in Beijing. A replica of a bell captured from the Taku Forts forms part of a memorial to ORLANDO in Victoria Park, Portsmouth.
    Additional Titles

    Primary title: Log of HMS Orlando commanded by Captain Lake and Captain Hammil bearing the flag of Rear Admiral H. Fairfax : commencing May 24th 1888 ending March 31st 89.

    Web title: Midshipman's log of HMS ORLANDO

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