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US battleship NEW JERSEY

Date: c 1908
Dimensions:
Overall: 89 x 139 mm
Medium: Paper, inks, light card, silver gelatin emulsion layer
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Purchased with USA Bicentennial Gift funds
Classification:Posters and postcards
Object Name: Postcard
Object No: 00003247

User Terms

    Description
    The USS NEW JERSEY is depicted in this photograph. NEW JERSEY was visiting Australia as part of the Great White Fleet, an American peace time world tour to express United States' naval strength and develop allies. The 16 battleships of the American fleet were all featured on commemorative souvenir postcards, a popular keepsake of the anticipated visit.
    SignificanceAustralia welcomed the arrival of the United State’s Great White Fleet in 1908 through the production of souvenir items such as this postcard, which demonstrate the excitement the visit generated in the Australian public.
    HistoryVast arrays of souvenirs were produced for a population caught up in the euphoria generated by the Great White Fleet's world tour in 1908. Badges, medallions, pins, postcards and photographs all reflected the enthusiasm surrounding a potential new and powerful ally. These postcards typically represent America and Australia as cooperative partners and commonly depict national motifs including flags, emblems and banners.

    In December 1907 United States President Theodore Roosevelt sent the US Atlantic Battle Fleet of 16 battleships on a 14 month goodwill cruise around the world. The fleet was a chance for the Navy to practice seamanship and express America's world power. Roosevelt was also concerned about rising Japanese aggression and their expansionist foreign policy. The cruise would be a political and public relations exercise to build domestic support for more naval construction.

    Led by the flagship, USS CONNECTICUT, the Great White Fleet as it became known, consisted of 16 battleships painted white, as was the practice of all US Navy ships in times of peace. The ships sailed in four divisions of four ships each. Early in the voyage the order of the ships was altered to allow the best-looking vessels to be at the front of the fleet. The cruise incorporated six continents, 26 countries and 32 ports with 614 officers and 13,504 crew. It consumed 435,000 tons of coal, more than any other naval expedition and was the largest fleet to ever accomplish a circumnavigation of the globe.

    Australia was not originally on the itinerary route of the Great White Fleet, who only decided to visit after receiving a direct invitation from the Prime Minister Alfred Deakin. One quarter of the Australian population, over one million people, saw the Great White Fleet during its three-week visit to Sydney, Melbourne and Albany. Public holidays were declared and enthusiastic crowds flocked to see the ships and parades. Vast arrays of souvenirs were produced for a population caught up in the euphoria.

    USS NEW JERSEY was launched on 10 November 1904 and conducted its first training exercises in the Atlantic and Caribbean Ocean. NEW JERSEY was involved in the American Great White Fleet tour in 1908. It also served in World War I before being decommissioned on 6 August 1920.
    Additional Titles

    Primary title: US Battleship NEW JERSEY

    Web title: US battleship NEW JERSEY

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