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The Bay and Island of Hong Kong

Date: 1847
153 x 233 mm, 0.023 kg
Image: 115 x 178 mm
Medium: Lithograph on paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Purchased with USA Bicentennial Gift funds
Object Name: Lithograph
Object No: 00003060
Place Manufactured:London

User Terms

    The bay and island of Hong Kong is shown in this black and white lithograph depicting a small shrub covered hill. It was taken from an original painting by Piqua and drawn by B Clayton.
    SignificanceBefore photography, paintings and drawings of Macao, Canton and Hong Kong were the only illustrations of these exotic ports. These works depict unusual landscapes, walled cities and spectacular architecture, which helped to establish the Western vision of China as a land of silk, porcelain and tea.
    HistoryThe Island now known as Hong Kong became formally known as Hong Kong after the Treaty of Nanking in 1842. Following the First Opium War between China and Britain, and the occupation of the Island by British Forces in 1841, China ceded possession of the Island to the British. The British established a formal colony a year later.

    Lithography, a printing process, began in Germany in the 1790s and then spread to Europe and America. Initially printers used black and white ink, however this changed to coloured ink as the process become more widely used.
    Additional Titles

    Primary title: The Bay and Island of Hong Kong

    Web title: The Bay and Island of Hong Kong

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