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Captains Hunter, Collins and Johnston, with Governor Phillip, Surgeon White etc. visiting a distressed female native of New South Wales at a hut near Port Jackson

Date: 1793
Dimensions:
Overall: 142 x 198 mm
Medium: Ink on paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection
Classification:Art
Object Name: Engraving
Object No: 00000876
Place Manufactured:London

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    Description
    This engraving was printed as plate facing p.19 of 'The new royal system of universal geography' (1793) by Michael Adams published in London. An engraving of the same subject appears as a vignette on the title page of John Hunter's 'An historical journal of the transactions at Port Jackson'.

    This work shows several of the main figures of early British settlement regarding an Indigenous woman who is huddled under some bushes near a fire. Governor Phillip was well-known for his desire to treat the local Indigenous population with respect.
    SignificanceThis work is significant as a representation of some of the most important figures of the early colonial period.
    HistoryCaptain Arthur Phillip was curious about the Indigenous people of Australia and sought to learn their language and customs. After settlement, he gave strict orders against harming the local population and sought to maintain friendly relations. However, Phillip did order the capture of several Indigenous men, the most famous of these being Bennelong, who was captured in November 1789. Bennelong was taught English and European customs and was able to provide valuable insights into the culture of the local Indigenous tribes. Bennelong was with Phillip when the latter was speared at Manly in 1790 and Phillip took him to England with him in 1792. Bennelong returned to Sydney with Governor Hunter in 1795.

    Phillip undertook exploring expeditions around the settlement at Port Jackson after the arrival of the First Fleet in January 1788. He was unwilling to venture too far from Sydney, but he was regularly accompanied on the trips by several key figures in the colony, as depicted in this work.
    Additional Titles

    Primary title: Captains Hunter, Collins and Johnston, with Governor Phillip, Surgeon White etc. visiting a distressed female native of New South Wales at a hut near Port Jackson

    Web title: Captains Hunter, Collins and Johnston, with Governor Phillip, Surgeon White etc. visiting a distressed female native of New South Wales at a hut near Port Jackson

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