A map by James Imray depicting 'The Indian Ocean and the whole navigation between the Cape of Good Hope and China, Australia, New Zealand, ect.'. Most ships heading south at this time would have taken this route.
SignificanceJames Imray was an important figure in chart publication at a time when it was passing out of private hands and into the hands of the admiralty by the late 19th century. In the mid-19th century there were still firms privately producing charts. Imray's son, James Frederick, continued to produce commercial charts.
HistoryJames Imray was an important figure in London in the publication of charts prior to the Admiralty taking over the task. Whilst his companies work was not original in content, his success was in reformatting Admiralty and US Coast Surveys into forms more favourable to navigators.
This map of the Indian Ocean is an important reflection on the early history of routes to Australia.Most ships heading south at this time would have used this route.