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Vue du Fort Macquarie sur la pointe Est de l'anse Sidney (Nouvelle Galles Meridionale)

Date: 1828
Dimensions:
Overall: 172 x 214 mm
Medium: Ink on paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection
Classification:Art
Object Name: Lithograph
Object No: 00000884
Place Manufactured:Ville de Paris, Départment de
Related Place:Fort Macquarie,

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    Description
    This work was printed as page 36 in 'Album pittoresque de la fregate La Thetis et de la corvette L'Esperance' (1828) by M. le vicomte de La Touanne.

    Fort Macquarie was built on Bennelong Point in 1821. Governor Lachlan Macquarie directed the construction and it was designed by convict architect Francis Greenway. It was demolished in the early 20th century for a tram depot and the Sydney Opera House now stands on the spot.
    SignificanceThis lithograph is an important historical record of military defences of the colony of NSW in the early 19th century and highlights the interest of the French in British colonies.
    HistoryM. le vicomte de La Touanne was a topographical artist and naval officer on LA THETIS and L'ESPERANCE expedition to the South Seas in 1824-26 under the command of the French explorer Hyacinthe de Bougainville. The commander had been given orders to report on the defence capabilities of New South Wales, so when the ships arrived at Port Jackson in 1825 de Bougainville, his officers and his artist wandered as far afield as possible, from Botany Bay to the Blue Mountains. Bougainville's official conclusion was that although the settlement's defences were poor the harbour was so deep and so protected as to be almost impregnable.

    The square castellated Fort Macquarie faced the harbour on three sides, had 15 guns and housed a small garrison. The powder magazine beneath the tower was capable of storing 350 barrels of gunpowder.
    Additional Titles

    Web title: Vue du Fort Macquarie [View of Fort Macquarie]

    Primary title: Vue du Fort Macquarie sur la pointe Est de l'anse Sidney (Nouvelle Galles Meridionale)

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