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Account of the voyages undertaken by the order of his present Majesty for making discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere Volume III

Date: 1773
Overall: 294 x 249 mm, 1.8 kg
Medium: Paper, leather covered boards
Credit Line: ANMM Collection
Classification:Books and journals
Object Name: Book
Object No: 00000356
Place Manufactured:London

User Terms

    John Hawkesworth's published account of British exploration in the Southern Hemisphere was compiled in three volumes. This edition of Volume 3 contains the account of Captain James Cook's first journey to Australia in command of HMB ENDEAVOUR. It contains plate drawings produced by the ship's artist Sydney Parkinson and material from the papers of the botanist Joseph Banks.
    SignificanceThis book represents the British Admiralty's official view of the exploration of the Australian coastline by Captain Cook in 1768-1771. It was very popular at the time of its publication.
    HistoryDuring the 18th century, Captain James Cook's voyages greatly contributed to European knowledge of the Pacific and the published accounts of the expeditions proved to be extremely popular.

    The first voyage in which Cook commanded HM Bark ENDEAVOUR arrived in Tahiti to view the Transit of Venus. The Royal Society of London petitioned King George III for a ship to be sent to view the planet's transit across the sun, due to take place on 3 June 1769. Cook then sailed south, where in October 1769 he reached New Zealand, as 'discovered' by Abel Tasman in 1642. After mapping both the north and south islands, it was clear this was not the Great South Land and he started on the journey home. It was during this voyage that Cook first approached eastern Australia. An attempt to land on 28 April 1770 failed due to rough surf so Cook sailed ENDEAVOUR round to a calm bay which is now known as Botany Bay. Here on 29 April 1770, Cook and his crew first set foot on Australian soil. In accordance with the expedition's scientific purpose a number of samples of flora and fauna were collected, while drawings of the coast and specimens were produced.

    Cook's voyage continued north along the coast, where he narrowly avoided being wrecked on the Great Barrier Reef and was forced to undertake repairs in what is now known as Cooktown. Cook and his crew eventually returned home in July 1771 with many botanical specimens and reports of their encounters with the Indigenous peoples they met.

    John Hawkesworth was commissioned by the British Admiralty to edit Captain Cook's ENDEAVOUR voyage papers and publish an account of British exploration in the Pacific, 'An account of the voyages undertaken .. for making discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere'. Known as Hawkesworth's Voyages, the volumes are a chronological account of the British voyages of John Byron (1764-66), Samuel Wallis (1766-68), Phillip Carteret (1766-69) and James Cook (1768-71) on board the vessels ENDEAVOUR, DOLPHIN and SWALLOW.

    At the time of its release Hawkesworth's work was very popular, with translations being written in German, Dutch and French by 1774. However the book involved substantial editing of the original papers it was taken from and Hawkesworth was criticised for the inaccuracies and unfaithfulness in his work. For example in Volume 3 Hawkesworth uses the first person voice of Captain Cook to describe the voyage, however Cook's view was blended with the opinions of Joseph Banks and Hawkesworth without any real distinction.
    Additional Titles

    Primary title: An Account of the Voyages Undertaken by the Order of his Present Majesty for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere, Volume III

    Web title: Account of the voyages undertaken by the order of his present Majesty for making discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere Volume III

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