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Collection of 58 documents relating to the collision of SS ECLIPSE and SS FEDERAL

Date: 1890
Medium: Paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Gift from McIlwraith McEacharn Limited
Classification:Ephemera
Object Name: Archive series
Object No: ANMS0790

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    Description
    These 58 documents from the McIlwraith McEacharn Limited collection relate to damage claims following a collision of SS ECLIPSE and SS FEDERAL off Gravesend in the Thames. The series consists of one crew wages estimate; five invoices received from the towing company and SS ECLIPSE; two stores estimates; one damages statement; one plaintiff's claim; one credit note; one information file; one memorandum, one telegram and six letters relating to insurance and rates for the SS FEDERAL; 33 accounts and five receipts relating to the payment of damages from the owners of SS ECLIPSE. The documents are dated 1890.
    SignificanceThis collection is significant in recording a comprehensive history of an Australian shipping company from the 1870s to the 1990s.
    HistoryThe shipping firm of McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co was founded in London in February 1875 by Andrew McIlwraith and Malcolm Donald McEacharn. McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co entered the Australian trade in 1887 bringing cargo and immigrants from Britain to Queensland. They also entered the coal trade. They entered into the fierce competition for passenger trade in the first decades of the twentieth century when competition for passengers required companies to provide more than converted cargo vessels. In 1909 their ship KAROOLA won a reputation for its salubrious accommodation and its size, and was the first Australian ship to exceed 7,000 tons. The company maintained the advantage in 1912 by commissioning KATOOMBA, which was larger and more luxurious than all its generation of passenger ships.

    With the growth of rail and road transport, Australian shipping declined during the twentieth century. McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co was a survivor and bought the fleets of James Paterson and Huddard Parker in 1961. In 1957 McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co together with Adelaide Steamship Company and Melbourne Steamship Company, set up Bulkships Pty Ltd to work the heavy ore trade and bought four ships. In 1964 it merged shipping interests with those of the Adelaide Steamship Company to form Associated Steamships. They had a combined fleet of 12 conventional cargo vessels, which they replaced with three container ships.

    McIlwraith McEacharn continued in the shipping trade until the 1990s when their ships were sold to a US company.
    Additional Titles

    Web title: Collection of 58 documents relating to the collision of SS ECLIPSE and SS FEDERAL

    Primary title: RELATING TO DAMAGE CLAIMS SUBSEQUENT TO THE COLLISION OF SS "ECLIPSE" WITH SS "FEDERAL", FROM THE MCILWRAITH MCEACHARN COLLECTION

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