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Photograph album compiled by Henry Stewart

Date: c 1890 - 1940
Dimensions:
Overall: 230 x 300 x 60 mm
Medium: Paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Transfer from the Australian War Memorial
Classification:Photographs
Object Name: Archive series
Object No: ANMS0805

User Terms

    Description
    This photograph album consisting of 196 photographs of merchant steamships and motor vessels was compiled by Mr Henry Stewart. It was one of seven photograph albums compiled by Stewart during his career with McIlwraith McEacharn Limited.
    HistoryThis series consists of 196 black and white photographs of the following vessels: CB PEDERSON, GMS SCHARNHORST, HMAS PLATYPUS, HMAS PROTECTOR, HMS GOOD HOPE, HMS KING GEORGE V, IGMS BISMARCK, MS EUROPA, MV AAGTEKERK, MV ANSONIA, MV ARMADALE, MV AUSTRALIND, MV BABINDA, MV BITTERVELD, MV BRITISH SINCERITY, MV BRUNSWICK, MV CALITEA, MV CANBERRA MARU, MV CHRISTIAAN HUYGENS, MV CLAN MAC CORQUODALE, MV COMMISSAIRE RAMEL, MV CORINDA, MV DORTMUND, MV DUNTROON, MV ERLANGEN, MV ESQUILINO, MV ESSEX, MV ESTE, MV GAASTERKERK, MV HANAU, MV KAIKOURA, MV KAIMATA, MV KANANGOORA, MV KANIMBLA, MV KOOKABURRA, MV LEUNA, MV LORINNA, MV MACDHUI, MV MAIN, MV MALAITA, MV MANOORA, MV MANUNDA, MV MARNIX VAN ST ALDEGONDE, MV MENES, MV MOONTA, MV ORANJE, MV ORARI, MV PORT DENISON, MV RELIANCE, MV ROMOLO, MV STASSFURT, MV TAI YIN, MV TAJANDOEN, MV TALLEYRAND, MV TAMERLANE, MV TANCRED, MV TARN, MV TARONGA, MV TEESBANK, MV TIRRANNA, MV TISNAREN, MV TITANIA, MV TOKYO MARU, MV TOURAINE, MV TOURCOING, MV TRIASTER, MV TRICOLOR, MV WARREEN, MV WESTRALIA, MV WUPPERTAL, RIGAULT DE GENOUILLY, RMS ARAWA, RMS ATRATO, RMS CARTHAGE, RMS CORFU, RMS KHEDIVE, RMS KHIVA, RMS KINFAUNS CASTLE, RMS KYBER, RMS LOMBARDY, RMS MAJESTIC, RMS MARIPOSA [I], RMS MONOWAI, RMS MONTEREY, RMS MOOLTAN, RMS MOOLTAN [I], RMS NALDERA, RMS NARKUNDA, RMS NEPAUL, RMS ORION, RMS OROYA, RMS ORVIETO, RMS PERA, RMS SHANNON, RMS STRATHALLAN, SS ADELONG, SS AGE [III], SS AKI MARU, SS ALERT, SS ALMKERK, SS ANDROMEDE, SS ANGLO EGYPTIAN, SS ARAWATA, SS AUSTRALFORD, SS BAROSSA, SS BEL JEANNE, SS BRITISH CHANCELLOR, SS BROADWAY, SS BULLA, SS BURRUMBEET, SS CALIFORNIA STATE, SS CASINO, SS CHRONOS, SS CITY OF DUNEDIN, SS CORINTHIC, SS CUMBERLAND, SS DILGA, SS DORSET, SS EDINA, SS ESK, SS ESSEX, SS FIONA, SS GORGON, SS GULF OF CARPENTARIA, SS GUTHRIE, SS HORORATA, SS IRON BARON, SS IRON CHIEFTAIN, SS IRON KING, SS JAMES COOK, SS KAHIKA, SS KAKARIKI, SS KALINGO, SS KAURI, SS KOOLIGA, SS KOOMILYA, SS KOONDA, SS KOORINGA [I], SS KOORINGA [II], SS KOOYONG, SS KORANUI, SS KOTA GEDE, SS KOWARRA, SS KOWHAI, SS KYBRA, SS LANGTON GRANGE, SS LEURA, SS LORENZO, SS LOUGSOR, SS LUBRA, SS MACEDON, SS MAGDEBURN, SS MAKARRA, SS MALIKO, SS MARRAWAH, SS MERKUR, SS MONARO, SS NELLORE, SS NELSON, SS NEW ZEALAND STAR, SS OPIHI, SS ORANIA, SS PELTON BANK, SS PENOLA, SS PILSNA, SS PORT LINCOLN, SS RARANGA, SS ROMFORD, SS ROYAL SHEPHERD, SS RUAPEHU, SS SONTAY, SS SOUTHERN CROSS, SS STAR OF INDIA, SS SUEVIC, SS TAKEDA, SS TARAMUNG, SS TASMAN, SS TIME, SS URANIA, SS VICTORY, SS VILLE DE METZ, SS WAIWERA, SS WANDANA, SS WAR ACONITE, SS WAREATEA, SS WESTRALIAN, SS WESTWIND, SS WIEGAND, SS WIMMERA, SS WIRRAL, SS WOOLGAR, SS WYOLA, SS YONGALA, TSS KATOOMBA and TSS NAIRANA.

    In the nineteenth century, shipping provided the infrastructure for the European settlement and development of Australia. It was essential to commerce that ships reached people's lives in a way which was personal and immediate; delivering groceries to small towns, carrying passengers between ports and bringing immigrants to Australia.

    McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co entered the Australian trade in 1887 bringing immigrants from Britain to Queensland. They also entered the coal trade. They entered into the fierce competition for passenger trade in the first decades of the twentieth century when competition for passengers required companies to provide more than converted cargo vessels. In 1909 their ship KAROOLA won a reputation for its salubrious accommodation and its size, and was the first Australian ship to exceed 7,000 tons. The company maintained the advantage in 1912 by commissioning KATOOMBA, which was larger and more luxurious than all its generation of passenger ships.

    With the growth of rail and road transport, Australian shipping declined during the twentieth century. McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co was a survivor and bought the fleets of James Paterson and Huddard Parker in 1961. In 1957 McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co together with Adelaide Steamship Company and Melbourne Steamship Company, set up Bulkships Pty Ltd to work the heavy ore trade and bought four ships. In 1964 it merged shipping interests with those of the Adelaide Steamship Company to form Associated Steamships. They had a combined fleet of 12 conventional cargo vessels, which they replaced with three container ships.

    McIlwraith McEacharn continued in the shipping trade until the 1990s when their ships were sold to a US company.
    Additional Titles

    Web title: Photograph album compiled by Henry Stewart

    Primary title: PHOTOGRAPHS OF MERCHANT STEAMSHIPS AND MOTOR VESSELS COMPILED BY HENRY STEWART, VOLUME 3 OF 7

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