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Collection of 396 documents relating to KOOLIGA and KOOYONG

Date: 1953 - 1959
Medium: Paper
Credit Line: ANMM Collection Gift from McIlwraith McEacharn Limited
Classification:Ephemera
Object Name: Archive series
Object No: ANMS0732

User Terms

    Description
    These 396 documents from the McIlwraith McEacharn Limited collection relate to the vessels KOOLIGA and KOOYONG. The series consists of 43 licence and foreign currency application forms; two construction contracts; 16 financial records; one depreciation table; four telegrams; eight postcards; one profit list; one fuel rebate claim; eight sets of notes concerning calculations; four newspaper clippings relating to rate rises; six invoices; 15 memorandums; one valuation; one tonnage document and 285 letters relating to construction, licensing and financial arrangements for the KOOLIGA and KOOYONG. The documents span the period 1953 - 1959.
    SignificanceThis collection is significant in recording a comprehensive history of an Australian shipping company from the 1870s to the 1990s.
    HistoryThe shipping firm of McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co was founded in London in February 1875 by Andrew McIlwraith and Malcolm Donald McEacharn. McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co entered the Australian trade in 1887 bringing cargo and immigrants from Britain to Queensland. They also entered the coal trade. They entered into the fierce competition for passenger trade in the first decades of the twentieth century when competition for passengers required companies to provide more than converted cargo vessels. In 1909 their ship KAROOLA won a reputation for its salubrious accommodation and its size, and was the first Australian ship to exceed 7,000 tons. The company maintained the advantage in 1912 by commissioning KATOOMBA, which was larger and more luxurious than all its generation of passenger ships.

    With the growth of rail and road transport, Australian shipping declined during the twentieth century. McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co was a survivor and bought the fleets of James Paterson and Huddard Parker in 1961. In 1957 McIlwraith, McEacharn & Co together with Adelaide Steamship Company and Melbourne Steamship Company, set up Bulkships Pty Ltd to work the heavy ore trade and bought four ships. In 1964 it merged shipping interests with those of the Adelaide Steamship Company to form Associated Steamships. They had a combined fleet of 12 conventional cargo vessels, which they replaced with three container ships.

    McIlwraith McEacharn continued in the shipping trade until the 1990s when their ships were sold to a US company.
    Additional Titles

    Primary title: MATERIAL REGARDING LICENCES AND FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS FOR PROJECTS 521 (THE "KOOLIGA") AND 522 (THE "KOOYONG"), FROM THE COLLECTION OF MCILWRAITH MCEACHARN

    Web title: Collection of 396 documents relating to KOOLIGA and KOOYONG

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